Government efforts and the challenges of achieving quality education among secondary schools in Delta State, Nigeria (2012-2020)

Main Article Content

Emordi Promise Jude


This study investigates the efforts and challenges faced by the Delta State government in achieving quality education in secondary schools from 2012 to 2020. The research focuses on the provision of school facilities and education funding as critical initiatives while also examining the factors hindering the attainment of quality education. The documentary method
was exclusively adopted for data collection and analysis, utilizing reputable secondary sources such as journal articles, government documents, newspapers, magazines, and internet sources. The findings reveal that the government’s efforts to entrench quality education at the post-primary level necessitate reassessment, as the provided school facilities have not kept abreast with the escalating number of public secondary schools in Delta State, resulting in a lack of uniformity. Additionally, the study exposes
the government’s failure to adequately address these issues, resulting in a stagnation of student academic performance, as evidenced by The West
African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) results. Furthermore, the research highlights increasing disparities in accessing secondary education due to natural disasters such as floods, the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, and the prevalence of student truancy induced by cultism. The
study recommended, among others, the need for improved school facility provisions and effective education funding strategies.

Article Details

Review articles


Abari, A.O., & Orunbor, N.O. (2020). Building bridges and walls: Education and Covid-19 in Nigeria. Research Journal of Comparative Education. 1(1), 39-52

Abdallah, N.M. (February 5, 2018). FG, States spent 7.5%% of N43tr budget of education in 3 years. Daily Trust Newspaper

Adeyanju, F. & Oyetubo, O. (2012). Infrastructural resources provision and utilization for the universal basic education scheme in Lagos State. Resources management in Education and national development. Benin City: Institute of Education, University of Benin

Adurokiya, E. (October 12, 2017). Flood shuts down schools, businesses in Delta Communities. The Nigerian Tribune Newspaper

Akitoni, S.O. & Olaniyen, O.D. (2018). Causes and panacea of problem of cultism in the Nigerian education system. European Journal of Education Studies. 4(2), 257-266

Anho, R.O. (2019). Quality leadership development and management of secondary schools in Delta State, Nigeria, International Journal of Economic Research and Investment. 10(1), 17-28

Asiyai, R.I. (2012). Assessing school facilities in public secondary schools in Delta State, Nigeria. African Research Review. International Multidisciplinary Journal 6(2), 192-205

Asiyai, R.I. (2013). Challenges of quality in higher education in Nigeria in the 21st century. International Journal of Educational Planning and Administration 3(2), 159-172

Chinelo, O.D. (2011). Falling standard in Nigeria education: Traceable to prosper skills acquisition in schools. Research Journal on Organizational Psychology and Educational Studies, 28(11), 325-335

Chukwuebuka, O. (September 5, 2016). Teachers groan in Delta State. Vanguard Newspaper

Ekundayo, H.T. (2004). School facilities as correlate of student’s achievement in effective and psycho-motor domains of learning. European Scientific Journal 8(6), 208-215

Emordi, P.J. (2020, August 23). Quality Education in Delta State: Issues Arising. Unpublished lecture note

Emordi, P.J. (2020). Re-examining Delta State teachers’ electronic-attendance monitoring system. Financial Nigeria Magazine, 14(147), 24-25

Emordi, P.J., Ibeme, N.P., Nnamani, V.S., & Okonkwo, A.C. (2020). Re-evaluating the factors confronting quality education in secondary schools in Delta State. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science. 5(9), 124-132

FRN (2013). National policy on education (4th Eds). Lagos: NERDC Press

Geo-Jaja, M.A. (2010). Social exclusion, poverty and educational inequality in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: Which development framework. In, J. Zajda & M.A. Geo-Jaja (Eds.). The Politics of educational reforms (111-136). Australia: Springer

Iheukumere, S.O., Nkwocha, K.F., Tonni-Okolie, N., & Agulue, E. (2020). Environmental disaster management in Delta State: A public perception. International Journal of Geography and Environmental Management. 6 (1), 49-58

John, E.I. (2017). Nascent challenges in secondary school management in Nigeria: Overview. Journal of All Nigerian Confederation of Principals of Secondary Schools (ANCOPSS) National, 15(1) 24-28

Lawal, I. (September 10, 2020). Interrogating impact of corona-virus on students’ WAEC performance. The Guardian Newspaper

Levin, B. (1997). The lessons of international education reforms. Journal of Education Policy. (12), 253-266

Nemine, E.L. (2015). Flood disasters in Nigeria: Farmers and government mitigation efforts. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Care .5(14), 150-154

Nkwunowo, U.C. (2016). A review of flooding and flood risk reduction in Nigeria. Global Journal of Humanity and Social Science. 16(2), 23-41

Nwaham, C.O. (2011). School administration and supervision of instruction in Nigeria (reversed and enlarged edition) Agbor: Progress Printing Association

Obasi, K.k., & Opene, B. (2019). Convenience space planning for secondary education in Delta State. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal. 6 (1), 570-575

Obed-Chukwuka, A.N., & Ubogu, R. (2020). Inadequate infrastructural distribution in public primary schools in Delta State: Implication for national development. Journal of Science Technology and Education 8(4), 54-62

Ogbogu, A. (2020, July 5). Education: Harvest of success stories. The Pointer Newspaper

Okafor, J.C. (2020). Flood, livelihood displacement, and poverty in Nigeria: Plight of flood victims, 2012-2018. In W. Leal Filho et al (eds,). African handbook of climate change adaptation. Springer, Cham.

Okonjo, C. (2017). Universal tertiary education (UTE) for all Nigerians: On reforming and sustainably financing Nigerian’s education system. Ibadan: Safari Books LTD

Oyekanmi, R.L. (March 14, 2016). WASSCE: three years data shows massive failure across states. The Intellectual Newspaper

Oyemwinmina, C. & Aibieyi, S. (2015). Cultism: A destructive concept in the educational development of tertiary institutions in Nigeria. African Research Review. 9(4), 221-236

Paully, F.G., & Korre, I. (2019). Teacher professional development and quality universal basic education in Bayelsa State. Niger Delta Journal of Education. 11(2), 100-107

Premium Times (October 11, 2012). Floods: Delta to close public schools. Premium Times Newspaper

Psacharopoulous, R. (1989). Why education reforms fail: A comparative analysis. International Review of Education. (35), 179-212

The Pointer (2013, July 6). Boosting education system in Delta State. The Pointer Newspaper

Ubogu, M. (2021). Assessing quality education in Delta State. ( Unpublished PGDE project report) submitted to the College of Education Technical, Asaba in Affiliation to NTI Kaduna.

Uwagwu, M. (October 12, 2012). 350 schools affected by flood in Delta. The Pointer Newspaper

Vanguard (2020, February 27). Okowa’s efforts at transforming education in Delta. Vanguard Newspaper.

Zajda, J. (2009). The politics of education reforms. Dordrecht: Springer