NAJUA: Architecture, Design and Built Environment <p><strong>วารสารหน้าจั่ว ว่าด้วยสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อม</strong></p> <p><strong>Najua: Architecture, Design and Built Environment&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;วารสารหน้าจั่ว ว่าด้วยสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อม เป็นวารสารของคณะสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยศิลปากร โดยเริ่มจัดพิมพ์ตั้งแต่ ปี พ.ศ. 2524 จนถึงปัจจุบัน มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อเสริมสร้างความรู้ และความคิดใหม่ ๆ ในสาขาวิชาที่เกี่ยวข้องกับสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อมสรรค์สร้าง เป็นการเปิดพื้นที่ใหม่ในการเสนอผลงานทางวิชาการให้แก่ ผู้รู้ นักวิชาการ นิสิต นักศึกษา และบุุคลทั่วไปที่สนใจในศาสตร์ต่าง ๆ ที่เกี่ยวเนื่องกับสถาปัตยกรรม อันจะเป็นการเสริมความเข้มแข็งแก่วงวิชาการ และวิชาชีพทางสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ต่อไป</p> <p>ISSN 2697-4630&nbsp;(Print)&nbsp;</p> <p>ISSN 2697-4665&nbsp;(Online)&nbsp;</p> en-US (Lecturer Kreangkrai Kirdsiri, PhD.) (อาจารย์ ดร. เกรียงไกร เกิดศิริ) Thu, 09 Jul 2020 14:34:34 +0700 OJS 60 Hermeneutic Phenomenology (Heidegger and Gadamer) in Architecture: Coffee Shop Case Studies in Rattanakosin (Bangkok Old Town) <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Hermeneutic Phenomenology by Heidegger and Gadamer has been studied in many architectural academics, but the methodology of understanding a phenomenon is still unclear. The researcher conducted the experiment to construct a tool summarized in a process of phenomena including interpretations for the benefit of being used in any further research.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The development of this tool is based on research “From Epistemology to Methodology: A Study of Phenomenology in Architecture” by San Suvajaraphinan, especially the process of searching for “unit of analysis”. The analysis, conclusion and interpretation survey in coffee shops as case studies to examine the tool. Coffee shops have been examined since combining cultural phenomena and value in the atmosphere which is an important architectural element.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Results are from the research methodology allowing the phenomena to show off. The “unit of analysis” which is the consequence is “the corresponding of human space”. The results of phenomenon analysis shows “comfortable space, social talk” in case study# 1 at the old coffee shop in the area, “uncomfortable space but beautiful images” in case study# 2 and 4 that are popular cafes in online communities, “comfortable area, sensual atmosphere” in case study# 3 which is a coffee shop that promotes social activity as well as an art gallery area on the second floor area, “uncomfortable space on the first floor, but comfortable space on the second floor” in case study# 5, “comfortable area with a variety of seating height” in case study# 6 which is a leading brand coffee shop making various forms of seating and table arrangement The final result is “sensory connection area” in case study# 7, which is a coffee shop that uses the strength of being located in the flower wholesale market to decorate space including the transitional walkway as a link to create memory space for the fragrance of flowers. The discussion of phenomenon depends on time, person, place, and culture, helping to understand dimensions in an architectural space deeper than just a visual image.</p> Wasana Sitti-issara Copyright (c) Thu, 09 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0700 From Cultural Ecology to Architectural Ecology <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The main objective of this article is to review the guidance study of vernacular architecture, especially in Thai academic by focusing on the development of the knowledge of architecture. This is based on a built-up of architecture by a local through collecting secondary data from relevant documents and researches. These documentaries bring to understand the educational guidelines of development. It is developed in various periods with content analysis to compile a summary of the guideline study of vernacular architecture that was developed until present in according with academic approaches.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The results of the study showed that guidelines for studying vernacular architecture in Thailand at the beginning focused on the physical characteristics of the architecture. House was represented a residence as first type of architectural feature and it used to analyze on architecture approach only.&nbsp; Next, the expanded area of scoping study covered the surrounding environment as well. Later on, the concept of cultural ecology was applied in the study of vernacular architecture according to the conceptual framework of relationship between human-created cultures and the environment. This leads to an understanding of further factors in vernacular architecture forms in various dimensions. Presently, this approach is considered to be a study guideline that widely used by scholars for vernacular architecture.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Based on the concept of cultural ecology, for vernacular architecture, is specifically called <em>“Architectural Ecology” </em>which can be summarized as follows: 1) focusing on the relationship between human, architecture and the environment, 2) the scope of the study content have been extended by using different disciplines in architecture field, 3) it is not limited to architecture features but it has expanded to a context particularly the located environments, 4) the contents of architecture is not only directly to architectural issues, there are also many aspects overlapping with the environment and way of life of people as well.</p> Prinya Mruksirisuk, Vira Inpuntung Copyright (c) Thu, 11 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 The Evaluation of Vernacular Architecture’s Value in an Old Town <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;An old town or historic area is invaluable cultural heritage with vernacular architecture which significantly shapes architectural history. This study aims to establish criteria for assessing the value of vernacular architecture in Thailand by focusing on historic districts as the area of study, and to appreciate the value of the architecture as mentioned.&nbsp; The research method is developed by working on theories and concepts of cultural heritage, old towns, vernacular architecture, and the evaluation criteria of an international organization which is the UNESCO and those of national institutions, namely the Fine Arts Department and the Association of Siamese Architects in order to analyze and lay down the criteria specifically for vernacular architecture evaluation for old towns to correspond with vernacular architecture and cultural heritage conceptions.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The study reveals that although the UNESCO has extended the boundary of the heritage conservation area to cover vernacular architecture, this category is still neglected in Thailand because the Fine Arts Department continues to apply its criteria for listed buildings and focus on restoring architecture with profoundly historical and archaeological value, notable religious places and buildings of the authority by mainly preserving the original form and authenticity.&nbsp; Moreover, the law mechanism for conserving and enlisting historic sites is complicated. All of these contradict present-day conservation concepts of which value is not limited to ancient places or only physical appearance but includes other principal aspects. The analysis and benchmark of cultural heritage value and the criteria of the organisations involved leads to the recommended evaluation criteria for vernacular architecture in old towns, which consist of four features: aesthetics, history, technology and education, and society. It is believed that these criteria are proper and relevant to today’s conservation perceptions.</p> Wirut Thinnakorn, Chinasak Tandikul, Vira Inpuntung Copyright (c) Thu, 11 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700