NAJUA: History of Architecture and Thai Architecture https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA <h3><strong>NAJUA: History of Architecture and Thai Architecture&nbsp;</strong></h3> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;NAJUA: History of Architecture and Thai Architecture</em></strong> is a blind peer-reviewed journal devoted to the promotion and study of all aspects of the history of architecture, architectural conservation in Thailand and neighbouring countries, and the development of Thai architecture both as a scholarly discipline and practice. Founded in 2004, <em>NAJUA: History of Architecture and Thai Architecture</em> is the only periodical in Thailand committed primarily to the subjects. Since 2019, the Journal publishes twice a year by Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<em>NAJUA: History of Architecture and Thai Architecture</em> is abstracted and indexed in the ACI Index and TCI Index. Papers from all volumes are available on the <strong>ThaiJO</strong> website:&nbsp;<a href="https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA/"><strong>www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA/</strong></a></p> <p><strong>ISSN 1686-1841&nbsp;(Print) </strong></p> <p><strong>ISSN 2697-3901&nbsp;(Online) </strong></p> Department of Architecture and Related Arts, Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University en-US NAJUA: History of Architecture and Thai Architecture 1686-1841 TABLE OF CONTENT https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA/article/view/244042 <p>--</p> Najua Copyright (c) 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 17 1 2 5 EDITOR TALK https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA/article/view/244043 <p>--</p> Najua Copyright (c) 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 17 1 6 7 Shape and Radial Lines of a Spire Roof in the Crematorium Design of H.R.H. Prince Narisaranuvattiwongse (1904 C.E. and 1920-1930 C.E.) https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA/article/view/244044 <p>Of all Thai traditional roofs, a spire roof is considered the most superior and customarily used for the design of royal funeral pyres for royal family members and highly respectful monks. A design process of a spire roof, known as “making yod”, requires not only a fundamental knowledge of Thai architecture but also a set of principles of a stepped pyramidal roof whose graceful shapes reminiscent of Chom hae - a fishnet being raised with curve lines at the edges. A spire roof is considered artistically graceful only if it has such a curved shape and is well-proportioned. Thus, the practice of making a spire roof is admitted to be a subject of exclusive experts on Thai architecture, who undergone appropriate training of how to design a spire roof using radius lines - a practice called radius system.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;No historical record is found as to when a traditional Thai spire roof under such system was first created. However, this study suggests that during the 1920s and 1930s, Prince Narisaranuvattiwongse applied the principles of radius lines in his creation of royal crematorium pyres. Amongst various forms of pyres' spire roofs, including typical <em>budsbok</em> and <em>mondop</em> roofs, which Prince Naris employed in those works, a total of ten different characteristics can be identified; all of which is primarily based upon radius system. The research proposes that the application of radius lines in the development of a spire roof is of significance and can be regarded as a distinctive stance of Thai architectural practice.</p> Boonyakorn Wachiratienchai Somkid Jiratatsanakul Copyright (c) 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 17 1 8 57 VERNADOC and Vernacular Architecture Documentation of Thais https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA/article/view/244045 <p>VERNADOC DOCUMENTATION is a surveying method originated from Finland, later become known in Thailand through the Survey of Architecture Heritage Project under the name of VERNADOC camp. This study aims to understand basic concepts, principles, roles, as well as the status of VERNADOC in the context of documenting Thai vernacular architecture. The study found that essential principles of VERNADOC lay in on-site measurement and making exquisite drawings. Characteristics of VERNADOC DOCUMENTATION are that, first of all, instead of text and specifications, texture and shadow are fundamental features employed to give life to the drawings, making them appealing to the onlookers. Secondly, VERNADOC premises voluntary participation in setting up documentation camp, which once done, a collection of drawings is exhibited at that community immediately afterwards, thus allowing the locals to appreciate their community from a different perspective.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Such efficiency and benefits have inspired the Finnish architect Markku Mattila to adopt the method, which belongs to more than 100 years old tradition of Finish architects, to organise the first international vernacular architecture documentation camp in 2005. It is expected that measured drawings and other procedures such as interviewing and participatory observation would give a strong impetus to buildings' owners and local peoples to appreciate the value of their heritage, willing to preserving them as a result.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;In Thailand, the first VERNADOC camp held in 2007 by ICOMOS Thailand. Since then, further camps have been supported by the Association of Siamese Architects under Royal Patronage and various architectural institutions to train volunteers both Thai and foreigners about VERNADOC.&nbsp; Documenting heritage buildings and exhibiting the result to the public have made VERNADOC known. Nowadays, a total of 73 camps have been organised in different regions of Thailand.&nbsp; Many of the former participants in VERNADOC Thailand &amp; network have developed themselves to become trainers and have led 13 campsites abroad from a total of 120 camps organised in 22 countries around the world. Of all the camps organised by VERNADOC Thailand &amp; network, more than 80 percent carried out a record of little-known vernacular architecture which have never been documented. Thus, apart from offering benefits to participants, documentations through VERNADIC help building up a database for vernacular architecture in Thailand as well as network countries into the same system. These accurate and reliable will further benefit future study and conservation as well as giving inspiration to future generations.</p> Sudjit S. Sananwai Supitcha Tovivich Copyright (c) 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 17 1 58 91 Place Evolution from Klong Lat to Soi Lat: Transformative Urbanism from Water-Based to Land-Based City of Bangkok https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA/article/view/244046 <p>The illustration of Bangkok settlement could be explored through a history of how ruling classes and governors developed the city, but the specific pattern of how people bond in space is a corner- stone demonstrating urbanism and its dimensions. This paper presents Bangkok's urbanism concerning experiences in spaces, consisting of a review of Bangkok evolution from water-based to land-based city, urban change along <em>Klong Lat</em> and <em>Klong Kud</em>, shortcut- and manmade-canal, on the one hand, and that along primary roads, <em>Soi</em> and <em>Soi Lat</em>, local streets and street shortcuts of the city, on the other. Aspects of urbanism were analysed of settlements, movement, building fabric, land utilisation, and townscape; relevant dimensions were also analysed of society, culture, development, classes, and communities.</p> <p><em>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Klong Lat</em> is the beginning of Bangkok urbanisation, and <em>Soi Lat</em> currently takes part to transform the city. Over 238 years, since <em>Rattanakosin </em>was established in 1782, the city's weave pattern has been delivered by a diversity of social groups and classes. Ruled by Ayutthaya tradition of urban pattern, the settlement related to water channel was developed in Bangkok where waterways were cut to encompass the city. The aground commercial communities of many ethnic groups, however, were found by a transitional time from traditional to market-driven society. City walls and fortresses less played a role regarding the social and economic reform and the changing pattern of palaces, built canal and roads led the city instead. The rise of capitalism as well as middle-class consolidated and made the city further expand with the morphology of high density built form along primary roads while several communities were found in <em>Soi</em> delivering diverse classes and residential types. Currently, high-dense urbanisation along main roads encloses a large land area of <em>Soi </em>communities, shaping the superblock morphology of Bangkok. Configurational limitation of the superblock by itself results both in need of street shortcuts and in the pressure on local streets to carry urban mobility. Nowadays, <em>Soi Lat</em> becomes an urban tissue of dynamic places to deal with land development and highly mixed cultural landscape.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The city is a product of diverse social groups, locations, territorial spaces and transformations. Multiple perceptions of Bangkok urbanism is the result of varied morphologies and patterns of how they take place in the city. They are a sustain of water-based and land-based communities in spaces, a dispersion of urban expansion contributing to ongoing emergence of new morphologies, and a reproduction of urbanism regarding morpho-logical replacement that newcomer's land utilisation set over local communities. These spatial patterns and multi-dimensions affect ways in which peoples experience the city, while differences in social classes and spaces are fundamental in defining Bangkok urbanism.</p> Singhanat Sangsehanat Copyright (c) 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 17 1 92 125 Recommendations for Preservative Management of Archeological Sites in Mae Tom Sub-District, Bangklam District, Songkla Province https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA/article/view/244048 <p>The purposes of this research were threefold, first, to study the problems on preservative management of archaeological sites in Mae Tom Sub-District, Bangklam District, Songkla Province; second, to study relationships of preservative management among Ku Tao Temple, Na Rang Nok Temple, the Local Administrative Organizations, Government Agencies with legal authority and peoples in the community; third, to recommend the relevant organizations regarding the preservative management of archaeological sites in Mea Tom Community. The research method employed in this study was qualitative research using in-depth interview and questionnaire as a tool to collect data. The interviews were conducted to 12 individual research samples while the questionnaires were used to obtain data from 110 people in the community. The researcher used content analysis method to find out the purposes, messages, and effects of the obtained contents, then categorize words, themes, and concepts within the texts before using systematic synthesis method to analyze the results. The findings indicated that the significant problems of preservative management of archaeological sites, antiquities, artefacts remained in Mea Tom Community were the lack of participation and cooperation from the Local Administrative Organizations, the responsible government authorities in the community, as well as the involvement of people in the community. Other critical obstacles are insufficiency of budget and expert specializing in preservative management of archaeological sites in Mea Tom Community. The recommendation has been made to the community in order that they provide guidelines for participative management to preserve archaeological sites in Mae Tom Community effectively.</p> Poomchai Suwandee Phacharee Sumaethokul Copyright (c) 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 17 1 126 151 Integrated Cultural Landscape Conceptual Plan with Community Network Participation on a Case Study of Chang Moi Area, Chiang Mai Province https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NAJUA/article/view/244049 <p>This research is an architectural study on urban community which focuses on creating community participation. As an area of study, Chang Moi community is located on an eastern area between Chiang Mai old city and earthen walls along Maekha canal. Since Chiang Mai city has been developed into a regional business centre according to National economic and social development plan in 1961, these old landscapes have been abandoned. The development of Chang Moi community is currently concerned merely on aspects of economics without maintaining local communities. This paper suggests that to develop Chang Moi towards a sustainable city, community participation in city planning is a necessary step to create a corporate image of the city by integrating potential cultural landscape with social relations in this area.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This article is an urban design application to integrate cultural landscape conceptual planning with community participation. The research methodology consists of 3 essential topics on field studies: Existing Community network, Common Cultural landscape, and Community participation. To connect various community networks and qualify cultural landscape inclusively, researcher drove community engagement with two workshops. The first workshop is to set up an active community network and create a corporate image of this district. The second workshop is to design conceptual planning on the site with local community and government agency. As an outcome of the study, this research aims to set up community network sustainably, which engages with local people, business owners, government agency and also relative organizations. Besides, this cultural landscape conceptual planning is a sample of the creative process in urban design following to become a district for Cultural tourism.</p> Chiranthanin Kitika Copyright (c) 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 17 1 152 184