Mekong-Salween Civilization Studies Journal <p><strong><u>กำหนดออกเผยแพร่</u></strong> <br /> วารสารอารยธรรมศึกษา โขง-สาละวิน จัดทำโดยงานวิจัย สร้างสรรค์และเผยแพร่ศิลปวัฒนธรรม กองส่งเสริมศิลปวัฒนธรรม มหาวิทยาลัยนเรศวร เปิดรับบทความจากผู้เขียนทั้งภายในและภายนอกมหาวิทยาลัย บทความที่เสนอขอรับการพิจารณาอาจเขียนเป็นภาษาไทยหรือภาษาอังกฤษก็ได้ แต่บทคัดย่อต้องมีสองภาษา <strong>จัดพิมพ์เผยแพร่ปีละ 2 ฉบับ (ฉบับที่ 1 มกราคม-มิถุนายน และ ฉบับที่ 2 กรกฎาคม-ธันวาคม)</strong></p> <p><strong><u>วัตถุประสงค์</u></strong><br /> นโยบายการจัดพิมพ์ของวารสารอารยธรรมศึกษา โขง-สาละวิน เพื่อเป็นสื่อกลางในการแลกเปลี่ยนความรู้ และเผยแพร่ผลงานวิจัยในสหสาขาวิชาทางด้านมนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ในมิติที่เกี่ยวข้องกับอารยธรรมในภูมิภาคลุ่มน้ำโขง-สาละวิน ได้แก่ สาขาวิชาศิลปะทั่วไปและมนุษยศาสตร์ (General Arts and Humanities) สาขาประวัติศาสตร์ (History) สาขาภาษาและภาษาศาสตร์ (Language and Linguistics) สาขาทัศนศิลป์และการแสดง (Visual Arts and Performing Arts) สาขาวัฒนธรรมศึกษา (Cultural Studies)</p> <p><u></u><strong><u>วิธีพิจารณาบทความ</u></strong><br /> วารสารอารยธรรมศึกษา โขง-สาละวิน รับตีพิมพ์บทความวิจัย (Research Article) และบทความวิชาการ (Academic Article) โดยบทความดังกล่าวจะต้องไม่เคยได้รับการตีพิมพ์ หรืออยู่ระหว่างการพิจารณาเพื่อขอรับการตีพิมพ์ในวารสารวิชาการอื่น บทความทุกบทความจะต้องผ่านการประเมินโดยผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิ (Peer review) ใน <strong>สาขาวิชาที่เกี่ยวข้อง 3 ท่าน โดยผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิไม่รู้ว่าผู้เขียนเป็นใคร และผู้เขียนไม่รู้ว่าผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิเป็นใคร (Double-blinded Review)</strong> อนึ่ง การพิจารณารับบทความเพื่อลงตีพิมพ์หรือไม่ตีพิมพ์ อยู่ที่ดุลยพินิจของบรรณาธิการถือเป็นอันสิ้นสุด</p> <p><strong><u>วารสารจัดทำเป็น </u></strong><strong><u>2 รูปแบบ<br /></u></strong><strong> </strong>1. แบบตีพิมพ์เป็นตัวเล่ม ISSN 1906-7682 (Print)<br /> 2. แบบอิเล็กทรอนิกส์ ISSN 2651-2114 (Online) <strong> <br /></strong></p> กองส่งเสริมศิลปวัฒนธรรม สำนักงานอธิการบดี มหาวิทยาลัยนเรศวร en-US Mekong-Salween Civilization Studies Journal 1906-7682 Khunsangkhan: The Outstanding Dimensions of Culture and Cultural Relationship between Lanna and Kengtung <p>This article aimed at studying the characteristics of Khunsangkhan from Lanna and Kengtung and finding the relationship between Lanna and Kengtung from his characteristics in Songkran festival. Research methods used ancient document such as palm leaf manuscripts and Khoi paper books, including the data from the fieldtrip in Kengtung, Myanmar. The collected Khunsangkhan data were analyzed and compared in order to find the relationship between Lanna and Kengtung. The results showed that the distinctive characteristics of Khunsangkhan in Lanna blended the primary beliefs of ghost and Buddhism showing the relationship between human and supernatural power. This was a sign of time travel from past to future (present year to new year) and also the sign of forecasting set in Northern new year book or Songkran declaration and calendar card. Regarding the characteristics of Khunsangkhan in Kengtung, it was found that it was a sign of fertility and rain-making rites. This sign was abstract with cultural power and also showed the transfer from old year to new year. It was a cultural landscape of Kengtung. Concerning the relationship between Lanna and Kengtung through Khunsangkhan in Songkran festival, it was found that Khunsangkhan was the same sign of moving from the old year to the new year in both Lanna and Kengtung. </p> Phuangphaka Thammathi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 14 46 Wu Zetian in the Earliest Record, “Jiu Tangshu” (旧唐书), the Writing of Chinese History in the Five Dynasties and Ten States Period (907-960) <p>This research paper aimed to study the story of Empress Wu Zetian in the earliest record, “Jiu Tangshu” (旧唐书), the writing of Chinese history in the Five Dynasties and Ten States Period using the historical method. “Jiu Tangshu” (旧唐书) was mainly analysed. The results revealed that the record of Empress Wu Zetian in “Jiu Tangshu” was divided into two parts. The first part included the stories during the period of being the Empress. The stories in this period were mostly recorded (78%), comprising the following topics: (1) appointment or punishment of nobles (31 %), (2) changes of the name of the era and the royal pardon (26%), (3) creation and organization of various religious offerings at the Mingtang Hall (明堂) (12%), and (4) disasters and disaster relief orders (9%). The second part included the stories before Empress Wu Zetian’s enthronement (22%), consisting of the following topics: (1) the sons of Wu Zetian (9%), (2) entering the court as a concubine and being the Empress Dowager (8%), and (3) seizure of political power as the royal millennium (皇太后) (5%). Both positive and negative contents were recorded.</p> Ningrong Yang Dararat Mattariganond Thananan Boonwanna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 47 73 The Design of Creative Basketry Handicraft Products with Participation from in Bang Chao Cha Community, Ang Thong Province <p>This research was a participative design of creative basketry handicraft products. The objectives of this study were 1) to investigate the model of basketry handicraft products, 2) to design creative models of creative basketry handicraft products, and 3) to disseminate the design of creative basketry handicraft products and measure satisfaction with the dissemination. The research used a community-based participatory action research. The research area was basketry community, Bang Chao Cha Village, Bang Chao Cha Sub-district, Pho Thong District, Ang Thong Province. The research characteristics were divided into two parts: qualitative research and quantitative research. The results of the research revealed that the current Bang Chao Cha community basketry handicraft products had distinctive characteristics and were valuable in many types of hand-made basketry patterns. Local natural materials were used to create the products. The basketry was delicate, refined, and beautiful. The patterns were exotic and were decorated with a variety of colors. The products had a functional character that was consistent with the modern way of life and retained the original local wisdom concept in creating them in harmony with the ideals and beliefs of the community in formulating creative ideas. The design results of 3 new creative basketry handicraft products included floor lamp products, table lamp products, and sitting products. Overall assessment result by experts was at a high level ( = 4.29, S.D. = 0.59). Regarding the dissemination of works to the public, it was found that people gained knowledge and understanding, had an impression of basketry, saw the value of basketry, created inspiration for further knowledge, and had a positive attitude towards basketry handicrafts. The overall assessment result was at a high level ( = 4.36, S.D. = 0.56). </p> Wuttichai Withatanang Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 74 97 Prayer in Nirat Literature of the Ayutthaya Period: Determination in the “Journey of life” Both Physical and Spiritual Dimensions <p>This research paper aimed to study and analyze the characteristics of prayer as an important motif that appeared in Nirat Literature of the Ayutthaya Period and to analyze the meaning of “the Journey of life” reflected in prayer motif through those literary works. In this study, content analysis was employed. The scope of study focused on 9 Nirat Literature which were founded in the same period of Ayutthaya. The results revealed that there were 2 types of prayer’s characteristics: 1) prayer for oneself and one’s beloved and 2) prayer for others. Besides, the prayer motif reflected human determination in the “Journey of life” in 2 related dimensions: 1) Physical dimension was the journeys of this life which were mostly related to complete the assigned missions successfully. In this dimension, the prayer held the keys to recover from their emotional pain and give the hope for safe journey and mission accomplishment. This dimension focused on happiness in secular level. 2) Spiritual dimension was the journeys of the learnt and experienced mind from the outside journeys which resulted in raising one’s spirit to higher mental state. This dimension focused on happiness in religious level.</p> Thitiphat Jaroonchaikuljaroen Onusa Suwanpratest Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 98 124 The Effect of Music Activities on Enhancing Children’s Emotional Regulation Skills <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of music activities on enhancing children's emotional regulation skills. Pre-experiment research with a one-group pretest-posttest design was administered. This study included 92 primary school-aged children aged 6-9 years with typical development (grades 1-3). The participants took part in two-hour group music activities over the course of three days. Singing, listening to music, playing musical instruments, and moving to music were all examples of active music activities. Before and after participating in the music activities, the Emotion Regulation Checklist was utilized to assess emotional regulation skills. The data were analyzed using the paired samples t-test. It was found that the pre-test mean score was 72.07, and the post-test mean score was 75.48. This indicates that, at the .05 level of significance, the participants' emotional regulation post-test score was statistically higher than their pre-test score. The finding of this study suggests that music activities can help primary school pupils improve their emotional regulation skills.</p> Wiputh Kehasuwan Gritsada Huncharoen Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 125 148 Synthesis of Music Education Research Related to Multicultural Music in Thailand: A Systematic Review <p>This research aimed to synthesize research in music education related to multicultural music in Thailand by systematic review method, with a total of 21 pieces of literature in specific criteria, including full paper research reports and theses from 2017 to 2021 which were available in the Thai Library Integrated System (ThaiLIS) database. The synthesis was divided into three aspects. These included 1) general information, 2) research methodology, and 3) research focus. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented in percentage value format. The results showed that most of the full paper research reports and theses from the last 5 years completed during 2020 were found to have the largest volume, accounting for 42.86% (n=9), and institutions that produced research the most in the past 5 years was Chulalongkorn University, with 33.33% (n=7). For types of methodology, qualitative research was found to be the main and most widely used methodology for the research, which was 61.9% (n=13). For the last aspect, it was found that the most common focus characteristics in the study was on the instructional and transmissional process in order to present guidelines for musical activities and on studying the states of music instruction, accounting for 29.27 % (n=12). Based on this study, the results can point out trend in these five years of studies or research in music education and can be a significant information for other studies or research in the future. </p> Teerawit Klinjui Saya Thuntawech Somchai Trakarnrung Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 149 174 An Analysis of Melodic Idioms of the Pi in Mangkhala Folk Music in Phitsanulok <p>This article is part of the research titled “The Melody of the Pi in the Mangkhala Folk Music: An Analysis and Musical Creation”. The purpose was to analyze melodic idioms of the Pi in Mangkhala ensemble in Phitsanulok Province. Based on a selective approach, the three distinct melodic idioms of the Pi were investigated, including the melodic idioms represented by 1) Mr. Chalo Suksaeng, 2) Mr. Phirom Thong-in, and 3) Mr. Ekasit Thongpho. The findings revealed that there were seven different types of melodic idioms that could be divided into two groups. Group 1 was considered as common idioms prevalent in all Pi's idioms which showed three different idioms: sustained notes, staccato, and three-syllable phrase. Group 2 consisted of four specific melodic idioms: 1) an idiom with diverse ending notes, both without and with modal modulation, 2) an idiom with four continuous notes per beat, 3) an idiomatic motion with vertical fluctuation in its figure, and 4) an idiom with the ending notes leading to a new section. The melodic idioms of the Pi in Mangkhala ensemble in Phitsanulok reflected the unique traits and characteristics of the Mangkhala folk music very well. Furthermore, these melodic idioms were related to five main concepts: 1) paying respect to a spirit, 2) communicating a plain and straightforward aesthetic quality, 3) expressing a role and function of Mangkhala music in people's lives in Phitsanulok, 4) representing uniqueness in the oral tradition and inheritance of Mangkhala, and 5) functioning as a source of entertainment.</p> Waraporn Cherdchoo Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 175 200 Soil as Food: From the Myth of Nguan Din to Soil as Food in Thai Culture <p>From the cultural point of view, some groups of primitive societies believed that they originated from the soil or the earth and regarded earth spirits as gods and ancestral spirits. When cooking, they brought clay to make a hearth in the kitchen. When doing important rituals, it must “awaken the earth” or tell the ghost of the earth. Even when someone died, he/she was buried back into the bosom of the land. In addition, “Soil” is considered to be the first food of human beings in the Buddhist legend, as appeared in “Nguan Din”, which is the soil burned by fire "Pralai-kalp" as appeared in the Aggañña Sutta and scriptures in the cosmology group in Thai society. This is why it is interesting to study how the traces of humans eating soil still remains in Thai culture. This article therefore aims to study soil as food both from legends and way of life by studying from documents, textbooks, and scriptures. The results of the study revealed that, in Thai society, there were rituals and beliefs about soil, both from traditional beliefs and new beliefs from Brahminism and Buddhism. It was also found that there were various tales and legends mentioning motif "Humans eat soil". In the real life, it was found that the soil was eaten as well and divided into 3 types of soil which are 1) soil with special characteristics, 2) soil with special properties, and 3) soil with special power. The mythological appearance of soil-eating humans is evidence of eating soil from primitive societies in the real world, reflecting 1) soil and the connection between man and nature; 2) soil and showing that man is one with nature, and 3) soil and the representation that humans are part of nature.</p> Aphilak Kasampolkoon Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 201 226 Digital Interactive Thai Puppetry Exhibit <p>This article is a part of a research in Thai puppetry exhibition at King Rama II Memorial Park (Rama II Park). The purpose of this research was to develop digital interactive Thai puppetry exhibit to attract younger generation visitors. To prepare the research with the desired quality, the researcher studied the physical structure of Thai puppets, the movement of Thai puppet play, and the theory of multiple intelligences for children. Practice-based research methodology was conducted in this research. Research methodology included 1) observation and documentation of Thai puppets conserved by Rama II Park, 2) studying of Thai puppet movement based on Pairoj Thongkamsuk’s Thai puppet dance demonstration video clip, 3) studying of physical space and history of Ruen Asom —a building where interactive exhibit would be installed, and 4) design Practice. This research revealed 3 outcomes: 1) 3D scanning of Thai puppets, 2) digital interactive kiosk design, 3) development of interactive content by using Touchdesigner software, and 4) feedback from participants (N=37). The last section of the article is the summary of the knowledge gained from the research, mainly on digital interactive puppet exhibit which is still novel in exhibition. Moreover, it was found that torso control was the most crucial part of human-computer interaction in mimicking real puppet movement.</p> Janat Thiengsurin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 227 249 Guidelines for Using Local Stories to Convey Meaning in Promoting Creative Tourism in Chainat, Singburi, and Lopburi Provinces <p>This research paper is a qualitative and quantitative research. Its purpose was to explore and collect prominently unique local stories to lead to the analysis of guidelines for using local stories to convey meaning as well as studying the needs of the community in applying local stories to promote creative tourism in Chainat, Singburi, and Lopburi Provinces. A specific sample group was defined, and it covered communities or tourist attractions in Chainat, Singburi, and Lopburi Provinces that had been selected to develop into 14 creative tourist attractions. The results of the study revealed that local stories that were unique and suitable for conveying in the promotion of creative tourism in all 3 provinces could be classified into 7 categories: 1) historical and important events, 2) local people’s way of life, 3) local food, 4) handicrafts, 5) agriculture, 6) natural resource and environmental management, and 7) auspicious and sacred sites. There were three approaches for using local stories to convey meaning in promoting creative tourism: 1) using local narratives to create meaningful content for creative tourism, 2) using local stories to design activities that convey creative tourism, and 3) using local stories to design storytelling to covey meaning for navigating the places of creative tourist attractions. Community or tourist attractions wanted to apply local stories the most in promoting marketing by advertising and public relations to promote creative tourism (mean = 4.44).</p> Jariya Supun Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 13 2 250 279