The effect of a ﬂipped classroom with online group investigation on students' team learning ability
This study examined the effects on the team learning ability of upper secondary school students using a ﬂipped classroom model with online group investigation. The subjects of the study were 30 upper secondary school students. The instruments employed in the study consisted of: (1) a ﬂipped classroom model with online group investigation, (2) a website for ﬂipped classrooms, and (3) a learning management plan. The data collection instruments comprised: (1) a self-assessment form of team learning ability and (2) a team learning behaviour observation form. The study found that the average team learning ability of the learners was signiﬁcantly higher after the lessons, and those with different learning abilities were able to learn as a team at signiﬁcantly different rates. Post-hoc multiple comparison tests (LSD) revealed that the team learning ability scores of the learnerswith high learning ability differed signiﬁcantly fromthose of the intermediate and beginner learning ability groups, while the team learning ability scores of the intermediate and the beginner groups were not signiﬁcantly different. The beginner group scored the highest regarding team learning ability, followed by the intermediate group and the advanced group, respectively.