Thai teachers’ self-assessment and student perceptions on the practice of autonomy
This paper aims to share the classroom observation ﬁndings from a study that previously revealed positive beliefs of secondary school teachers and learners in Bangkok regarding various aspects of autonomous learning in the Thai culture of learning. The earlier ﬁndings disclosed their beliefs in support of an autonomous learning approach regarding the roles of language teachers and learners, willingness to engage in activities and decision-making relevant to language classroom arrangements both in- and outside the classroom. It is thus worth seeing how these beliefs are translated into practice. This study investigates how teachers self-evaluated their application of autonomous learning in classrooms based on the reﬂective teaching concept, compared to their students' perception. The sample included 19 teachers and 632 students from 19 secondary schools in Bangkok, who volunteered to complete an evaluation form at the end of the observed lessons. The ﬁndings suggest an inconsistency between the teachers’ beliefs and practices. Additionally, they rated their implementation relatively higher than their students. The study sheds light on how teachereducators and policy makers can further assist in reducing barriers so that the practice of autonomous learning in secondary education in Bangkok and in Thailand may become achievable.