Cooperation between public and private sectors in providing workforces and development of labor efﬁciency in the motorcycle industry
The main goals of this research were to analyze the situation and problems of public-private cooperation in providing workforces and the development of labor efﬁciency in the Thai motorcycle manufacturing industry and to provide suggestions for a new model of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in line with workforce demand and national development. Primary and secondary data were collected from in-depth interviews with 26 key informants, and three focus group discussions with 24 selected experts from concerned public and private sector stakeholders. The questionnaires were used to collect quantitative data from 400 human resources ofﬁcers and the management level of production and quality of eight motorcycle manufacturers in Thailand. The results revealed that developments in providing workforce and labor efﬁciency development were linked to the National Development Plan and operated under the National Education Plan. The private sector has provided education for the workforce since the launching of education reform in 1999. Currently, diverse types of cooperation operate under several committees. Operational problems and continuity reﬂect the low level of labor efﬁciency. Quantitative analysis found that job performances of people with vocational education were at the least and moderate levels while those with Bachelor degrees were also at the lowand moderate levels. A future, appropriate model regarding cooperation between public and private policy and management as a PPP should be utilized to set up a new model of the agency or institute aimed at creating a roadmap and national plans for developing workforces in the motorcycle manufacturing industry.