Climate Change and the Law of the Sea: Impacts and their Solutions
Humans have invented several ways to mitigate the harmful effects of climate change by looking beyond conventional mitigative measures. In order to address anthropogenic climate change, the oceans can be used as a carbon sink to store CO2 by using the new technology, which is called geoengineering. This technology has been designed to manipulate the environment and can also take place in the ocean through the transfer of CO2 from the atmosphere to the deep sea. There are concerns with the use of geoengineering to mitigate climate change since it can affect a range of environmental systems especially the marine ecosystem. The purpose of this article is twofold: firstly, to give an overview on marine-geoengineering and, secondly, to review the relevant international law which is attempting to address these activities.