Hermeneutic Phenomenology (Heidegger and Gadamer) in Architecture: Coffee Shop Case Studies in Rattanakosin (Bangkok Old Town)
Hermeneutic Phenomenology by Heidegger and Gadamer has been studied in many architectural academics, but the methodology of understanding a phenomenon is still unclear. The researcher conducted the experiment to construct a tool summarized in a process of phenomena including interpretations for the benefit of being used in any further research.
The development of this tool is based on research “From Epistemology to Methodology: A Study of Phenomenology in Architecture” by San Suvajaraphinan, especially the process of searching for “unit of analysis”. The analysis, conclusion and interpretation survey in coffee shops as case studies to examine the tool. Coffee shops have been examined since combining cultural phenomena and value in the atmosphere which is an important architectural element.
Results are from the research methodology allowing the phenomena to show off. The “unit of analysis” which is the consequence is “the corresponding of human space”. The results of phenomenon analysis shows “comfortable space, social talk” in case study# 1 at the old coffee shop in the area, “uncomfortable space but beautiful images” in case study# 2 and 4 that are popular cafes in online communities, “comfortable area, sensual atmosphere” in case study# 3 which is a coffee shop that promotes social activity as well as an art gallery area on the second floor area, “uncomfortable space on the first floor, but comfortable space on the second floor” in case study# 5, “comfortable area with a variety of seating height” in case study# 6 which is a leading brand coffee shop making various forms of seating and table arrangement The final result is “sensory connection area” in case study# 7, which is a coffee shop that uses the strength of being located in the flower wholesale market to decorate space including the transitional walkway as a link to create memory space for the fragrance of flowers. The discussion of phenomenon depends on time, person, place, and culture, helping to understand dimensions in an architectural space deeper than just a visual image.
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