Locative Particles (ni, de, o) Learning Achievement and Application of Japanese Learners Taught with Direct Instruction


  • Kanok Runggeratigul Assistant Professor Ph.D. at Eastern Modern Language Department, Silpakorn University
  • Chadaporn Chanprasert Assistant Professor at Eastern Modern Language Department, Silpakorn University
  • Rungruedee Leaokittikul Assistant Professor at Eastern Modern Language Department, Silpakorn University
  • Wanchai Silapattagul Associate Professor at Eastern Modern Language Department, Silpakorn University
  • Hathaiwan Chaimkeeratikanon Assistant Professor at Eastern Modern Language Department, Silpakorn University


locative particles (ni, de, o), direct instruction, cognitive domain


The objectives of this research are to 1) study and understand whether second year students having completed the direct instruction courses Basic Japanese I to IV at the Faculty of Arts, Silpakorn University are able to use locative particles, namely ni, de, and o, correctly according to Bloom’s taxonomy cognitive domain; 2) study the differences in the thinking processes of using locative particles at ‘remembering’, ‘understanding’, and ‘applying’ levels using statistical tests; and 3) optimize the teaching methods of Basic Japanese I to IV. The results show 1) the direct instruction teaching method used in Basic Japanese I to IV  is rather effective for students to use locative particles at memorization level; 2) the average in each section differs significantly by a level 0.05 based on the statistical analysis, using F-test and ANOVA, of the student’s answers in each section of the test; and 3) the enhancement of students’ cognitive processes in choosing locative particles and their self-assessment of errors. This could be beneficial for improving the teaching methods in Basic Japanese I to IV.


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How to Cite

Runggeratigul, K., Chanprasert, C., Leaokittikul, R., Silapattagul, W., & Chaimkeeratikanon, H. (2020). Locative Particles (ni, de, o) Learning Achievement and Application of Japanese Learners Taught with Direct Instruction. Journal of the Faculty of Arts, Silpakorn University, 42(2), 279–303. Retrieved from https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jasu/article/view/247996