Local Wisdom of Vernacular Architecture in Southern Thailand

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Wanida Puengsunthorn

Abstract

Southern Thailand has its unique history. For a long time, it has been an important trading centre on the coast of the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. This geography creates diversity in cultures through many peoples who entered this area. Vernacular architecture built in this region encompasses building traditions passed down from generation to generation, serving immediate local needs and in response to local climate, especially severe rainstorms. In this respect, Southern vernacular architecture significantly differs from other regions' vernacular architecture. This paper investigates distinctive Southern vernacular architecture, focusing on its local wisdom that is embedded in building traditions. The research analyses various building types of vernacular architecture found in the Southern region, such as dwellings and religious buildings. Some of the case studies are compared with the vernacular architecture of Central Thailand to point out their similarities and differences. The finding offers a better understanding of creative wisdom nested in Southern vernacular building tradition. The result will build a solid foundation for future studies.

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บทความ

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