Shiwan Kiln Earthenware Pot Innovation through the Integration of Traditional Kiln Making, Modernity, and Material

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Nie Huimei
Watanapun Krutasaen
Gomesh Karnchanapayap


The Shiwan kiln, famous for its earthenware, is one of China's intangible cultural heritages due to its aesthetic value and rich traditional production techniques. However, the pots' design has remained the same, diminishing their appeal to younger generations. The objectives of this study were: 1) to analyze Shiwan kiln earthenware pots and how design can be used to foster innovation; 2) to synthesize innovative design directions that reflect a harmonious blend of tradition and modernity; and 3) to apply the new knowledge and create a new set of Shiwan kiln earthenware pots. Using a mixed-methods research methodology, the qualitative research investigated potential areas of innovation, including materials, methods, functions, shapes, culture, and values. Data were collected through participant observation and qualitative interviews. Quantitative methods were used to evaluate the exhibitions and seminars, and quantitative data was collected. It was found that using lithium phosphate instead of quartz sand in the traditional firing process enhanced the pot's strength and prolonged its service life. Based on the innovation of new appearance design, this study produced 68 pottery products, which improved convenience and re-attracted the attention of young audiences to Shiwan kiln pottery pots. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 300 participants, including exhibition visitors, seminar attendees, and ceramic market consumers. The respondents appreciated the cultural craftsmanship of the pots and suggested integrating traditional and modern designs. This study interviewed six ceramic experts, five intangible heritage scholars, and two marketing experts, providing insight into ceramic innovation. They agreed that the fusion of traditional and modern elements underpins this innovation, ensuring the ceramic tradition's continuity. These new products integrate traditional techniques with modernity, reviving youth interest in Shiwan kiln earthenware pots.

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How to Cite
Huimei, N., Krutasaen, W., & Karnchanapayap, G. (2023). Shiwan Kiln Earthenware Pot Innovation through the Integration of Traditional Kiln Making, Modernity, and Material. Journal of Multidisciplinary in Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(6), 2888–2906. Retrieved from
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