The Identity of Gannan Hakka Folk Songs in the Southern Gan River Basin in Jiangxi Province

Main Article Content

Wenwen Yuan
Surasak Jamnongsarn
Veera Phansue


This study aimed to (1) explore the musical connotation and cultural context of Gannan Hakka Folk Songs (2) investigate the evolution and inheritance of Gannan Hakka Folk Songs and (3) examine the process through which Gannan Hakka people construct their identity through folk songs. The sample of this study was 9 renowned inheritors of Gannan Hakka folk songs and 1400 individuals who have knowledge in Gannan Hakka folk songs from the Gannan Hakka community residing in the 18 counties (cities, districts). The methods for conducting the research were mixed method. The instruments for collecting data were document analysis, expert interview, and questionnaire survey. The data gathered from the methods were analyzed by descriptive statistics and content analysis. The research results were as follows;

1. Gannan Hakka folk songs are known for their emotional depth and local uniqueness, expressing life, love, and family sentiments. These songs embody regional characteristics in tunes, rhythms, and singing styles, preserving cultural heritage and historical insights. They are integral to local identity.

2. Since its origin, Gannan Hakka folk songs have evolved while retaining traditional elements, influenced by modern music genres. Inheritance methods, including oral traditions, education, and cultural recognition, ensure authenticity and propagation, preserving their cultural essence.

3. The process through which the Gannan Hakka people construct their identity through folk songs encompasses several aspects, which are historical tracing, cultural heritage and integration, dialect transformation and development, emotional expression and resonance, and social interaction and influence.

This study provides valuable insights into the intricate interplay between ethnic music, cultural heritage, and identity, deepening our understanding of the multifaceted dynamics within specific cultural contexts.

Article Details

How to Cite
Yuan, W., Jamnongsarn, S., & Phansue, V. (2024). The Identity of Gannan Hakka Folk Songs in the Southern Gan River Basin in Jiangxi Province. Journal of Multidisciplinary in Humanities and Social Sciences, 7(2), 890–910. Retrieved from
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