Developmental State in the World of Change and Circular Economy Development in Germany, Finland and Luxembourg


  • Charawadee Phulklay Master of Political Science (Government), Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University2


Developmental State, Post-Developmental State, Circular Economy


This article aims to examine the evolution of Developmental State Theory, which is an important topic in political science regarding state and economic development. Developmental State Theory has always adapted itself to new challenges and evolved to explain economic phenomena in different contexts over time which can be divided as (1) Developmental State Theory in the early period, (2) the adaptation of Post-Developmental State, and (3) the state and its new challenges to deal with environmental crisis and circular economy through case study from Germany, Finland and Luxembourg. From the review of related literature, it is found that Developmental State Theory always has its own dynamics in line with the changing world, remaining prominent as an economic driver. However, amid new environmental challenges, most studies neglect the role of the state. If there is more study dedicated to analyzing Circular Economy through Developmental State lenses, it will contribute to the body of knowledge in political science, social science and the environment in an integrated way.


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How to Cite

Phulklay, C. (2023). Developmental State in the World of Change and Circular Economy Development in Germany, Finland and Luxembourg . Journal of Thai Ombudsman, 16(2), 79–120. Retrieved from



Academic Article