Nature of Micro and Small Hotel and Restaurant in Trang, Krabi and Phuket

Main Article Content

Suchart In-klam


The study aimed to investigate the status of micro and small hotels and restaurants in Trang, Krabi, and Phuket, in order to improve and develop effective hotel and restaurant business. This study employed survey research methodology conducting in Trang, Krabi and Phuket. The data were collected from 170 micro and small hotel and restaurant owners. They were selected using proportional stratified random sampling and simple random sampling. The interview was conducted in 2010.

The results revealed that most of the owners were 40-49 years-old men. They were from same district and province of their business location. They held a bachelor's degree and got more than 10 years of working experiences which was related to their current job for 12 years and whole working experiences for 20 years. They had a better life after owning their own business. The business was mostly located in municipal area. The U-shaped age distribution of the businesses was found.

Most hotels and restaurants were registered since the business was started. It was started with 100,001-500,000 baht investment which was from personal finance, family or relatives, and bonds payable, respectively. There was 100,001-500,000 baht per month in circulation. The business result was fair and only 31 percent of the business continuously made profit. In addition, the business collaboration among micro and small hotels and restaurants was low.

The suggestions were that 1) there should be a training course for business owners; and, 2) the business owners should be encouraged to participate in business network.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Research Article


[1] Allal, M. (1999). Micro and Small Enterprise Development and Poverty Alleviation in Thailand. Working Paper 1, Project ILO/UNDP: THA/99/003. International Labour Organization Retrieved from

[2] Audretsch, D. B., Wiegand, J., & Weigand, C. (2002). The Impact of the SBIR on Creating Entrepreneurial Behavior. Economic Development Quarterly, 16(1), 32-38.

[3] Iqbal, F., & Shujiro, U. (2002). Small Firm Dynamism in East Asia: An Introductory Overview. Small Business Economics, 18(1-3), 1-12.

[4] Jovanovic, B. (1982). Selection and the Evolution of Industry. Econometrica. 50(3), May, 649-700.

[5] Liedholm, C. (2002). Small Firm Dynamics: Evidence from Africa and Latin America. Small Business Economics, 18, 227-242.

[6] Liedholm, C., & Mead, D. C. (1999). Small Enterprises and Economic Development. The Dynamics of Micro and Small Enterprises. Routledge Studies in Development Economics. New York.

[7] Liedholm, C., McPherson, M. A., & Chuta, E. (1994). Small Enterprise Employment Growth in Rural Africa. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 76(5), 1177-1182.

[8] Nugent, J. B., & Yhee, S. (2002). Small and Medium Enterprises in Korea: Achievements, Constraints and Policy Issues. Small Business Economics, 18(1-3), 85-119.

[9] Okpara, J. O., & Wynn, P. (2007). Determinants of Small Business Growth Constraints in a
Sub-Saharan African Economy. SAM Advanced Management Journal. Retrieve from

[10] Paitoonpong, Srawooth., Chalamwong, Yongyuth., Rattanakhamfu, Saowaruj., Rodsomboon, Sujittra., Piewthong-ngarm, Kullapapruk., Thienthong, Anongnuch., et al. (2007.) An In-depth Study on Employment in Micro and Small Enterprises. Thailand Development Research Institute.

[11] Parel, C. P., et al. (1973). Sampling Design and Procedures. Papers on Survey Research Methodology.
Phuket Provincial Statistical Office. (2013). Phuket Provincial Situation Report. Phuket.

[12] Yamawaki, H. (2002). The Evolution and Structure of Industrial Clusters in Japan. Small Business Economics, 18(1-3), 121-140.