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The objectives of this research were to study 1) the local people’s opinions on community participation in Nakhon Phanom’s illuminated boat procession, 2) the local people knowledge and understanding in Nakhon Phanom’s illuminated boat procession, 3) the level of local people participation in traditional cultural conservation on Nakhon Phanom’s illuminated boat procession. The purposive sampling was employed to select communities in 12 districts and 296 samples were chose by used sampling random technique from the sampled communities. Questionnaire survey was carried out to collect data. T-test was employed to test the hypothesis at 0.05 confidential levels. The results show that most local people agreed with Nakhon Phanom’s illuminated boat procession brought benefit to the communities. The monetary value was seen as the highest benefit to the communities, secondly, the knowledge and understanding of Nakhon Phanom’s illuminated boat procession, and finally the traditional cultural conservation. The samples from all communities received income from Nakhon Phanom’s illuminated boat procession as well as the levels of people participation in traditional cultural conservation were high. The results of the hypothesis testing revealed that the income, the knowledge and understanding of the traditional culture are the important factors that promote community participation involve in Nakhon Phanom’s illuminated boat procession.
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