Living with Inundation and Dehydration: Comparison of the Adaptive Landscape in the Chao Phraya and the Bangpakong River Deltas
Keywords:Chao Phraya River, Bangpakong River, Adaptive Landscape, River Delta, Cultural Landscape, Thailand
This paper compares the research outcomes regarding the two river deltas in the central part of Thailand: the Chao Phraya River – CPR and the Bangpakong River – BPR. The most common feature of the river deltas in this region is an ecosystem landscape that fluxuates throughout the year. These river dynamics are known as the pulse flow, which influences the way of life of riverfront communities and agriculture. The pulse differences are high and low in magnitude on the scale of a day, a lunar calendar month, annual seasons, a century, or even a longer period. The objectives of this study are to understand how people’s lives are affected by water to understand the dynamics of nature when living under different circumstances, such as inundation or dehydration. Primary data from prior observations and field surveys of the two rivers are analyzed and the recent impacts from anthropocentrism, including using waterways as sewage channels for decades, are assessed to seek connections with nature and other forms of life. The conclusion leads to the understanding of the transboundary nature in multidisciplinary research and holistic approaches to integrate bioengineering and local wisdom into planning and design, which will offer the most efficient instruments for sustaining waterfront development and transition into the coming of a new epoch of ecological naturalism.
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