The Translation Adaptation of the Chinese Historical Novel "Romance of the Eastern Han" in the Early Rattanakosin Period

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Kanokporn Numtong

Abstract

The objective of this research article is to study the translation of Chinese literature "Romance of the Eastern Han" into the Thai; assumed to be translated in the reign of Phrabat Somdet Phra Buddha Loetla Nabhalai (King Rama II), by using comparative study and comparing the text in the historical novel "Romance of the Eastern Han" with the Chinese manuscript. Focusing on the different parts from the Chinese manuscript, in addition to, analyze the cause of the linguistic and cultural constraints, or for the reason of political and social communication. The results of the study found that the translated version of "Romance of the Eastern Han" was quite different from the original manuscript. The translation adaptation can be divided into nine categories: 1) Adaptation from the chapter and episode to continuous translation; 2) Alteration of poetry or song by prose transcription or cutting off; 3) Modification of prose by concluding or omitting; 4) Text modification "according to the chronicles" and criticism by changing them into text or eliminating them; 5) Text sequencing; 6) Text addition; 7) Text omission; 8) Text amplification; 9) Text briefing. These modifications are both for the convenience of the Thai version's readers and political communication purposes. Expectantly hope to convince readers to acknowledge and believe in the legitimacy of the royal family in the era of that translation. The message of "Romance of the Eastern Han" harmoniously conforms to the "Three Kingdoms" and "Romance of the Western Han". These three Chinese historical novels are one of the mechanisms that play a role in delivering perception and understanding to the reader to establish the legitimacy and stability of government in the early Rattanakosin period.

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