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This research aimed to study factors that affect palm oil growers’ food security in Surat Thani Province. And this paper classifies palm oil household growers in Surat Thani Province using multivariate analysis technique. The data is analyzed using factor analysis followed by cluster analysis. A sample of 400 households from oil palm farmers in Surat Thani Province, a total of 44,877 households palm oil growers were randomly selected using multi-stage stratified sampling technique. The factor analysis reveals that there are nine factors determining food security status in palm oil growers in Surat Thani Province. Nine factors arranged in ascending order of importance on food security status comprised (1) Food access (2) Natural resources availability for food production (3) Agricultural risks (4) A year round food availability, food hygiene and food diversity (5) Community food exchange and sharing (6) Pests and disease risks (7) Natural risks (8) Household income, and (9) Food stockholding, respectively. Lastly, the cluster analysis reveals that palm oil growers in Surat Thani Province can be classified into three groups regarding food security status which are no risks, risks, and high risks in food security status.
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