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The coronavirus (COVID-19) infection leads to a surge in the disease and the infection results in a high mortality rate. To reduce the spread, it is important to engage in preventive behaviors recommended by the ministry of public health, such as washing hands, wearing a face mask, and social distancing. This study aimed to investigate factors associated with the intention to prevent COVID-19 based on protection motivation theory (PMT). It is a cross-sectional study. A sample of 422 individuals aged 18-year-old and above who reside in Mueang District, Sakon Nakhon, participated in the study. They were selected using multi-stage random sampling. The data collection instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire. The content of questionnaire was constructed base on the conceptual framework of the PMT. The data obtained were analyzed by using percentage, mean, standard deviation and Pearson's Correlation. Results showed that factors of knowledge, perceived threat, perceived severity, response efficacy, self-efficacy, had a positive correlation with the intention to prevent COVID- 19. However, stress showed a negative correlation with the pandemic situation. This correlation exhibits statistical significance (p<.001). With these factors, it can be used to design a training program to educate people, village health volunteer and family health leaders and community health leaders. This will also be applied to caregivers of people infected with coronavirus 2019 who are staying at home in the future.
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