Determinants of maize farmers' performance in Benin, West Africa
Keywords:Benin, maize, production constrains, stochastic frontier analysis, yield analysis
Increased agricultural productivity is the primary aim of all agricultural policies under- taken in developing countries. Increased agricultural productivity involves not only the analysis of factors limiting productivity but also efﬁciency because improved efﬁciency leads to productivity improvement. This paper investigated the factors limiting maize productivity in Benin based on a survey of 354 maize farmers. The mean maize yield was 1,347 kg/ha. The low level of maize yield in Benin is due to the lack of access to inputs, capital, and the weak institutional environment in which farmers operate. Furthermore, the efﬁciency model revealed that an increase in maize output of about 25 percent can be achieved in the short run by adopting the best farming practices and by addressing socio- economic and structural constraints. Policy should be encouraged that would facilitate access to inputs, capital, and training, and promote the development of infrastructure in farming areas.
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This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/