Philosophy of sufficiency economy for community-based adaptation to climate change: Lessons learned from Thai case studies

Authors

  • Kulvadee Kansuntisukmongkol Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand

Keywords:

climate change, community-based adaptation, sufficiency economy

Abstract

     Major components within the philosophy of a sufficiency economy include moderation, prudence, and self-immunity together with knowledge and morality. These components were proposed to safeguard local communities from adverse changes and crises. Climatic crises due to global warming can impact upon local agricultural production and consumption systems. Yet, it is still questionable whether communities following the sufficiency economy philosophy can cope with climate change. The objective of this research was to study the coping and adaptive capacity to climate change of local agricultural communities following the sufficiency economy philosophy and to analyze the success factors of adaptation to climate change. The research found five adaptive strategies leading to a resilient livelihood: (1) self-evaluation, (2) diversity dependency, (3) storage and reserve, (4) cooperation, and (5) mobility over space and time. These strategies help to reduce exposure and sensitivity, while increasing adaptive capacity to climate change with the aims of sustainability and adaptation for survival, and protecting natural resource bases for food and settlement security. Moderation, prudence, and self-immunity are critical success factors of adaptation measures, whereas local ecological knowledge with morality is a core enabling factor for adapting to climate change. These factors can be applied in community-based climate change adaptation in the National Adaptation Plan.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

18-12-2016

How to Cite

Kansuntisukmongkol, K. (2016). Philosophy of sufficiency economy for community-based adaptation to climate change: Lessons learned from Thai case studies. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 38(1), 56–61. Retrieved from https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/kjss/article/view/242628

Issue

Section

Research articles