Environmental conflict management: A case study of the thermal coal-fired power plant project in Rayong provice


  • Chutarat Chompunth Graduate School of Environmental Development Administration, National Institute of Development Administration, Bangkok 10240, Thailand


environmental conflicts, environmental justice, public participation, thermal power plant


     Large national developmental projects in Thailand in the past have principally focused on economic growth. The exploitation of a large amount of natural resources and the environment led to an unfair allocation of natural resources, which in turn caused injustice and environmental conflicts. This is especially the case for power plant projects, since most of them are not well accepted by the people, with the opposition and protests against these projects leading to environmental conflicts. The present research study investigated the cause of environmental conflicts involving a coal-fired thermal power plant in Rayong and suggested ways to solve the conflicts, as well as ways to promote environmental justice. This was qualitative research. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and non-participant observation. The results showed that environmental conflict was caused by: A lack of meaningful public participation; ineffective environmental management of the government implementation; and a concern regarding the environmental impact on the local people. Moreover, the government sector and other organizations involved failed to disclose and communicate the information the people needed as accurately, clearly, and honestly as possible. To promote environmental justice, it is important that the people be informed of information and other news with regard to the power plant project. They should have knowledge and understanding about the project, be allowed to help make decisions, and to give their opinions on the matter. It is also crucial that the government sector and other organizations provide the people with correct information so that the people will trust the project, which will in turn result in solutions to environmental conflicts.




How to Cite

Chompunth, C. (2017). Environmental conflict management: A case study of the thermal coal-fired power plant project in Rayong provice. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 38(3), 692–703. Retrieved from https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/kjss/article/view/242784