The development of industrial students coaching model under dual vocational training system for entrepreneurial trainer: Concentration in industrial education
The purpose of this research was to develop industrial students coaching model under the dual vocational training system for entrepreneurial trainers in industrial education. This research was conducted in three phases. Phase 1 explored the state, problems, and guidelines of coaching under qualitative research by document analysis and in-depth interview with 19 key informants. The result describes the structure of the elements in general context, coaching techniques, assessment and evaluation, and characteristics of trainers. The problems found were in lack of coaching and psychology, and guidelines of coaching describe characteristics of the trainers, step of coaching and support mechanism. Phase 2 developed the coaching model under qualitative research by SWOT analysis and focus group discussion by eight experts. The result was the GEAR+3 coaching model. It consists of GEAR with four steps of coaching, namely, Group preparation and planning, Education and coaching, Assessment for learning, and Reaction and standard settings. The +3 conditions for coaching support consist of dual vocational training management standards, competency of the trainers, and mechanisms of coaching support. The coaching model was transformed into a manual and was evaluated by 29 experts, and was found at high level. Phase 3 evaluated the efficiency and effectiveness of the coaching model by 5 trainers and 20 students by using an experimental research. The results found that the efficiency and the effectiveness were at high level.