Causal model for quality of life of the elderly in Bangkok slums

  • Borvorn Subsing Human and Community Resource Development Program, Faculty of Education and Development Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaengsaen Campus, Nakhon Pathom 73140, Thailand
  • Prasong Tanpichai Department of Human and Community Resource Development, Faculty of Education and Development Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaengsaen Campus, Nakhon Pathom 73140, Thailand
  • Ravee Chudasring Department of Human and Community Resource Development, Faculty of Education and Development Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaengsaen Campus, Nakhon Pathom 73140, Thailand
Keywords: Bangkok, causal model, elderly, quality of life, slum

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to find the causal factors for quality of life of the elderly in Bangkok’s slums. The samples were 420 elderly people with a household registration in Bangkok’s slums, randomized from multi-stage sampling methods. The research tool was a questionnaire and used structural equation model methods for analysis. The study results found that the causal model for quality of life of the elderly in Bangkok slums was relevant with empirical data on Chi-square at 120.468, p-value at .194, df of 108, Chi-square/df of 1.115, CFI GFI AGFI and RMSEA at 0.998, 0.971, 0.949 and 0.017 respectively. The quality of life of the elderly in slums was impacted from financial satisfaction, health satisfaction, environment within the community, family relationship and social relationship, which were 0.627, 0.526, 0.080, 0.064, and 0.004, respectively, and which also impacted the quality of life of the elderly in slum communities at 76.10 percent.

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Published
2021-04-30
Section
Research articles