Relevance of small-size theatre companies in Bangkok in the current era: In spite of difficulties to survive economically, they play a vital role in culture and civilization
This research article on the relevance of small-size theatre companies in Bangkok in the current era aimed to study the reason why they began and exist, despite the fact that they have encountered economic difficulties. The study uses the Talcott Parsons’s Structural-Functional theory and the conceptual management of art organizations as a framework for the study. This research is a qualitative research which used a phenomenological approach by using the semi-structured in-depth interview with the directors and producers of seven small-sized theatre companies in Bangkok by the criteria of size, age, and continuity. The results of the research showed that all the objectives of the existence are not for economic reasons, but have an ideological dimension, with the concept of the performing arts as a medium for expressing opinions, attitudes, critiques of society and politics for development by using the social context and relevant issues as resources. Moreover, they provide independent voices and critical perspectives on the neglected aspects of contemporary Thai society. The theatre can be a means of communication in taboo matters, such as politics and government. Most of the small theatre companies existed for ideological battles and political communication and 4 of the 7 theatre groups clearly presented political issues. Therefore, studying the work of a small theatre group in Bangkok could be another way to see reality, other aspects of society, politics, culture and civilization that cannot be seen in other forms of mainstream media.