Factors affecting safety behavior in front-line workers of construction company
Keywords:safety, safety behavior, safety climate
The study of factors affecting safety behavior in front-line workers of construction company aimed to investigate a relationship within safety climate, safety knowledge, safety motivation and safety behaviour like safety compliance and safety participation. This research used a 2-step structural equation modelling approach that was based on an extensive review of related literature. The samples were derived from front-line workers in several construction companies. Research tools were questionnaire with scales and using simple random sampling method. Firstly, the measurement model reliability and validity were analysed by confirmatory factor analysis technique. Then a causal relationship among safety-related latent variables was developed by structural regressions and path analysis. The results yielded a moderate fitness with empirical data with suitable reliability and validity. There were several significant direct effect, indirect effect, total effect and contrast effect on the relationship but safety motivation did not have indirect effect on safety climate to safety participation. As per results, management should still emphasize organizational-wide safety climate to promote workers’ safety behaviour. Future research should mitigate common method bias by using multi-level approach and qualitative research should be studied deeply for a richer result.