Child-Friendly School improvement guideline for lower secondary schools in the Kachin area of Myanmar

Authors

  • Lahpai Nang Htang Doctor of Education in Educational Management, Department of Education, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Mahidol University, Phutthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
  • Sovaritthon Chanseangsee Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Behavioral Science, Department of Education, Faculty of Social science and Humanities, Mahidol University, Phutthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand

Keywords:

CFS principle, child-friendly school, Kachin school, lower secondary, multifunctional quality education

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to identify the practice (levels) of Child-Friendly School (CFS) at lower secondary schools and to develop CFS improvement guideline for lower secondary schools in the Kachin area of Myanmar. A Mixed-methods research was used for this study. Quantitative data were collected using a questionnaire from 234 respondents: 200 students, 30 teachers and 4 heads of school. Qualitative data were collected through observations of four schools and classrooms, four Focus Group Discussions (FGD) with 6 members of parents and school committee members in each group, and in-depth interviews with 3 authority education officers. Quantitative data were analyzed by Mean and Standard deviation and qualitative data were analyzed using thematic analysis. The findings showed a low mean score of 1.82 for the practice (levels) of Child-Friendly School at lower secondary schools. Based on CFS principles and the results of content analysis, CFS improvement guideline was developed and the guideline was then validated by 16 contextual experts and educational experts. The four standards of CFS improvement guideline include: (1) school leadership and professional learning community; (2) childcentered pedagogy and classroom management; (3) parents and community (family and community participation); and (4) committees (supporting). These four standards can be used for teacher training or preparation program for CFS sustainability development. In addition, participants of this research are expected to promote CFS as the result needed improvement.

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Published

2022-02-02

Issue

Section

Research articles