The development of different types of parks under the urban planning criteria and measures: Case studies of Samutsakhon Municipality and Banphaeo Municipality in Samut Sakhon Province

Authors

  • Putpunnin Khamwachirapithak Department of Urban Environmental Planning and Development, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University (Rangsit Campus), Pathumthani 12121, Thailand
  • Waralak Khongouan Department of Urban Environmental Planning and Development, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University (Rangsit Campus), Pathumthani 12121, Thailand

Keywords:

Banphaeo municipality, park, park development, Samutsakhon municipality, urban planning criteria and measures

Abstract

This research article aimed to classify parks and propose guidelines for developing parks based on the criteria, standards and measures of urban planning, which is consistent with the development of all park areas in Samutsakhon Municipality and Banphaeo Sub-district Municipality in Samut Sakhon Province. The research tools used were questionnaires (given to 722 people) and interview forms (two representatives of the municipal offices and two urban planning experts). According to the research findings, Samutsakhon Municipality has many types of parks, including pocket parks, community parks, street parks, and special-purpose parks. Further, there are four park areas with open space for recreation and conservation of environmental quality according to the general planning enforcement announcement. As a result, the radius of service for the parks is able to gratify people in the areas thoroughly based on the standards of the Department of Public Works and Town & Country Planning. For park area development in the future, negative measures and incentive measures should be considered to improve the park area management. In Banphaeo Sub-district Municipality, most of the parks are pocket parks; none exceeds 0.0032 square kilometers in size, which cannot be compared with the standards of the Department of Public Works and Town & Country Planning. Moreover, the type of open space used for recreation and environmental conservation has not been found in the general urban planning enforcement announcement. The development of park areas in the future should take into account negative and incentive measures to increase the size of park areas.

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Published

2022-07-27

Issue

Section

Research articles