Causal relationship model for maintaining exercise behavior among Thai university staff: Integration of transtheoretical model and self-determination theory

Authors

  • Kamonrat Nhusawi Sports Science major, Department of Sports Science and Health, Faculty of Sports Science, Kasetsart University Kamphaeng Saen Campus, Nakhonpathom 73140, Thailand
  • Korada Mattayakorn Physical Education and Sports major, Department of Society, Culture, and Human Development, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110, Thailand
  • Ratree Ruangthai Sports Science major, Department of Sports Science and Health, Faculty of Sports Science, Kasetsart University Kamphaeng Saen Campus, Nakhonpathom 73140, Thailand
  • Wimonmas Prachakul Sports Science major, Department of Sports Science and Health, Faculty of Sports Science, Kasetsart University Kamphaeng Saen Campus, Nakhonpathom 73140, Thailand

Keywords:

health promotion, exercise behavior maintenance, self-determination theory, structural equation modeling, transtheoretical model*

Abstract

The transtheoretical model (TTM) and self-determination theory (SDT) are behavior modification tools that have been widely used in psychology, sports, social sciences and health promotion. However, these tools have never been integrated in the study of exercise behavior maintenance (MEB) among Thai population. The aim of this study was to integrate theoretical constructs from TTM and SDT in the prediction of physical exercise behavior of university staff in central Thailand. Four universities (2 private and 2 public) were sampled for this study. Staff (n = 460) within these universities participated by willful volition. Their current exercise behaviors were unraveled via psychological approach using questionnaires. Information from these questionnaires were used as input to construct a structural equation model for predicting barriers to exercise behavior maintenance (MEB). Model data analyzed using bivariate correlation provided a good fit (χ2 = 110.07, p = .190, df = 98, GFI = 1, CFI = 1, RMSEA = 0.016, AIC = 106.07) and explained 73 percent of the variation in MEB. All constructs of TTM had indirect effect on MEB except stage of change (SOC) (correlation = .94). All structural pathways were also significant and positive except for SDT, which had a weak negative correlation (-.11) with MEB. The findings showed that SOC and SDT can be used coherently in designing suitable exercises to meet the needs of the university staff while maintaining a balance with work life.

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Published

12-10-2022

How to Cite

Nhusawi, K. ., Mattayakorn, K. ., Ruangthai, R. ., & Prachakul, W. . (2022). Causal relationship model for maintaining exercise behavior among Thai university staff: Integration of transtheoretical model and self-determination theory. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 43(4), 883–890. Retrieved from https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/kjss/article/view/261656

Issue

Section

Research articles