Kammaṭṭhāna Lanna: The Methods of Merit-Making and Self Development


  • Phrakhru Metanantakit
  • Sirisak Apisakmontree


Kammaṭṭhāna Lanna, Merit-Making, Self Development


This research on the ancient Lanna Kammaṭṭhāna is a community-based participatory action research project supported by a research grant from the Department of Cultural Promotion, Ministry of Culture. The research process involved two main procedures: 1) a study of 11 palm-leaf manuscripts and 2) participation in a 30 day practice of Lanna Kammaṭṭhāna with the residents of Khun Khong community at Wat Khun Khong temple in Hang Dong, Chiang Mai. The objective was to comprehend deeply the knowledge of Lanna Kammaṭṭhāna, while also establishing guidelines for performing and preserving this ancient practice. Evidently, Lanna Kammaṭṭhāna use beads in order to make merit and consists of five principles of conduct, four rituals and 11 steps of implementation. The results are unique to the locality and follow the Visuddhimagga. The practitioner can develop himself to attain enlightenment by Lanna Kammaṭṭhāna.

Author Biographies

Phrakhru Metanantakit

Students of Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Award of the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Buddhist Studies), College of Chiang Mai Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University

Sirisak Apisakmontree

Independent Researcher


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How to Cite

Phrakhru Metanantakit, & Apisakmontree, S. (2023). Kammaṭṭhāna Lanna: The Methods of Merit-Making and Self Development. Journal of Thai Studies, 15(1), 33–59. Retrieved from https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TSDJ/article/view/264060



Research article