Main Article Content
The green supply chain management has a role to play a business planning. The entrepreneur must pay attention to being environmentally friendly that is the strategies to create a competitive advantage for learning to change the environment. This research aimed to 1) study the factor for applying green supply chain management of community enterprises, and 2) analyze the factor analysis for applying green supply chain management of community enterprises. The sample consisted of 400 community enterprises in the agricultural sector in the Northeast of Thailand. The data were collected by the questionnaire. Results of this study reveal that the most important factors for applying green supply chain management of community enterprises were the policies and guidelines of the environmental management, followed by operational commitment to green supply chain management and the need to provide the members to work in good and safety environment. The factor analysis for applying green supply chain management of community enterprises by principal component analysis and orthogonal rotation with the varimax method showed that the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) = .903, the Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity value = .00
The data showed the relationship which can be composed of 7 components that were 1) the strategy and image of the organization, 2) the society and stakeholders, 3) supplier of manufacturing, 4) the market and consumer, 5) the competitor, 6) the rules and regulations, and 7) reverse logistics. The result of the confirmatory factor analysis was conformed to the empirical data by considering the value Chi-square = 490.221, df = 456, Chi-square/df= 1.075, P-value = .130, CFI = .995, GFI = .937, AGFI = .914, RMSEA = .014, RMR = .000 and NFI = .934; and that the good criterion and the model show the development model to be consistent with the empirical data. The models obtained from this research can be further developed, further researched and used to create strategies for competitiveness to be more efficient, cost-effective and profitable in the future.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors must agree to the journal publication rules and allow the editors to edit the manuscripts for publication.
Author’s right belongs to the author but Journal of Southern Technology holds the right of first publication and thus allow readers to use the article for the purpose of education but not commercial.
Atthirawong, W., & Panprung, W. (2016). Driving force to application of green logistics management for OTOP entrepreneurs. Thai Science and Technology Journal, 24(2), 225-239. [In Thai]
Ageron, B., Gunasekaran, A., & Spalanzani, A. (2012). Sustainable supply management: an empirical study. International Journal of Production Economics, 140(1), 168-182
Amores-Salvado, J., Castro, G. M. D., & Navas-Lopez, J. E. (2014). Green corporate mage: moderating the connection between environmental product innovation and firm performance. Journal of Cleaner Production, 83, 356-365.
Bhool, R., & Narwal, M.S. (2013). An analysis of drivers affecting the implement for the Indian manufacturing industries. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 2(11), 242-254.
Bititci, U., Garengo, P., Dörfler, V., & Nudurupati, S. S. (2012). Performance measurement: challenges for tomorrow. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14, 305–327.
Brik, A.B., Mellahi, K., & Rettab, B. (2013). Drivers of green supply chain in Emerging Economies: Thunderbird. International Business Review, 55(2), 123-135.
Chaichalermsak, A., Pannarat, P., Sudjai, P., Imwised, N., & Siriwong, P. (2016). The social construction of meaning, patterns and strategies of green business operations of orangery café. Humanities, Social Sciences and Arts ,Veridian E-Journal, Silpakorn University, 9(1), 223-236. [In Thai]
Chidchob, T., & Pianthong, N. (2018). The Causal Model of transformational driving force, green supply chain management, and business performance of manufacturing Thailand: Literature Review. Modern Management Journal, 16(2), 127-140. [In Thai]
Chidchob, T., Sookpisan, L., & Duangwaeo, P. (2018). Driving force of stakeholders in green supply chain management that affect the business performance of manufacturing industries in Thailand. Academic Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University, 9(1), 196-207. [In Thai]
Cooper, R. (2017). Supply Chain Development for the Lean Enterprise: Interorganizational Cost Management. London: Routledge.
Cronbach, L.J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, 16 (3), 297-334.
Darnall, N. (2006). Why firm mandate ISO 14001certification. Business and Society, 45, 354-381.
Department of Agricultural Extension. (2019). Community Enterprise Information System. Retrieved September 10, 2019, from: http://smce.doae.go.th/smce1/report/select_re- port_smce13.php. [In Thai]
Doonan, J., Lanoie, P., & Laplante, B. (2005). Determinants of environmental performance in the canadian pulp and paper industry: an assessment from inside the industry. Ecological Economics, 55(1), 73-84.
Esfahbodi, A., Zhang, Y., Watson, G., & Zhang, T. (2016). Governance pressures and performance outcomes of sustainable supply chain management an empirical analysis of UK manufacturing industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 155(2), 66-87.
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis (7th ed.). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
Kamonkittiwong, K., & Pruksa Phanrat, B. (2015). The critical factors affecting green supply chain management implementation in electrical and electronic industry in Thailand. Srinakharinwirot Engineering Journal, 10(1), 1-11. [In Thai]
Kirkwook, R., & Longley, A. (2012). Clean Technology and the Environment. Netherlands: pringer.
Kim, S.T. (2010). Implementation of Green Supply Chain Management: Impact on Performance Outcomes in Small and Medium-Sized Electrical and Electronic Firms (Doctoral Dissertation). Lincoln, Nebraska. University of Nebraska.
Lai, K. H., Wong, C. W. Y., & Cheng, T.C.E. (2011). Green shipping practices in the shipping industry: conceptualization. adoption conservation and implications. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 55, 631-638.
Lin, R-J., Chen, R-H., & Nguyen, T-H. (2011). Green supply chain management performance in automobile manufacturing industry under uncertainty. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 25, 233 – 245.
Nakkasem, W., & Chantuk, T. (2019). The causal relationship of factors affecting the competitive advantage of service business entrepreneurs in Bangkok. Humanities, Social Sciences and Arts, Veridian E-Journal, Silpakorn University, 12(2), 1075-1097. [In Thai]
Prajogo, D., Oke, A., & Olhager, J. (2016). Supply chain process: linking supply logistics integration, supply performance, lean processes and competitive performance. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 36(2), 220-238.
Rehman, M.A., & Shrivastava, R.L. (2011). An innovative approach to evaluate Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) drivers by using Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM). International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 8, 315-336.
Routory, S. (2009). Antecedents and drivers for green supply chain management implementation in manufacturing environment. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 1(1), 91-164.
Sareekham, W., Phromket, C., & Mettathamrong, J. (2019). Competency ability green supply chain management to affect the performance of Sakon Nakhon’s Rural Community Enterprises in the Agricultural Sector. Humanities, Social Sciences and Arts, Veridian E-Journal, Silpakorn University, 12(5), 1482-1500. (In Thai)
Setthasakko, W. (2009). Barriers to implementing corporate environmental responsibility in Thailand: A Qualitative Approach. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 17, 169-183.
Sharker, A., & Mohapatra, P. K. (2006). Evaluation of supplier capability and performance: A method for supply base reduction. Journal of Purchase Supply Management, 12, 148-163.
Shekari, H., & Ghatari, A. R. (2013). Promoting corporate image: a reflection on green supply chain management approach. International Journal Management Business Research, 3(4), 311- 324.
Sunil, L., Dixit, G., & Abid, H. (2016). The impacts of critical success factors for implementing green supply chain management towards sustainability: an empirical investigation of Indian Automobile Industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 121, 142-158.
Vachon, S., & Klassen, R. D. (2007). Supply chain management and environmental technologies: the role of integration. International Journal of Production Research, 45, 401-423.
Walker, H., Sisto, D. L., & Bain, D. M. (2008). Drivers and barriers to environmental supply chain management practices: lessons from the public and private sectors. Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, 14(1), 69-85.
Walker, K., & Wan, F. (2012). The harm of symbolic actions and green-washing; corporate actions and communications on environmental performance and their financial implications. Journal of Business Ethics, 109, 227-242.
Yamane, T. (1973). Statistics: An Introductory Analysis. Third Edition. New York: Harper and Row Publication.
Zhu, Q., Sarkis, J., & Lai, K. (2013). Institutional based antecedents and performance outcomes of internal and external green supply chain management practices. Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, 19, 106-117.