System approach for flood vulnerability and community resilience assessment at the local level – a case study of Sakon Nakhon Province, Thailand


  • Indrajit Pal Disaster Preparedness, Mitigation and Management, Asian Institute of Technology, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
  • Puvadol Doydee Department of Agriculture and Resources, Faculty of Natural Resources and Agro-Industry, Kasetsart University Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus, Sakon Nakhon 47000, Thailand
  • Tatsanawalai Utarasakul Environmental Science Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok 10300, Thailand
  • Piyanuch Jaikaew Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kasetsart University Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus, Sakon Nakhon 47000, Thailand
  • Khamarrul Azahari Bin Razak Disaster Preparedness and Prevention Center, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 81310, Malaysia
  • Glenn Fernandez Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction (IDMR), Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
  • Tailin Huang Department of Urban Planning, College of Planning and Design, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
  • Chian Siau Chen Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore (NUS) 119077, Singapore


community resilience, flood vulnerability, risk drivers, social vulnerability, system approach


Field-based academic researches play a vital role in the identification of key issues contributing to disaster vulnerability and in uncovering of policy recommendations
that will help in reducing vulnerability and improving community resilience. Vulnerability to disasters is embedded in a complex system of societal structures and
processes. It is driven by a combination of social, economic, environmental, institutional, and other relevant processes that interact with and influence each other.
Thus, assessment of disaster vulnerability requires an approach that captures the dynamics of drivers of disaster vulnerability and accounts for the interactions among
them. System approach to disaster vulnerability assessment could be an effective method to understand the drivers of disaster vulnerability and interactions among
them. The system approach seeks to look at a problem in its entirety, considering all the facets, all the intertwined parameters to identify the optimum solutions to the problem. Thus, the primary objective of this paper is to review the existing field-based approaches to flood vulnerability assessment aimed at understanding the extent to which system approach has been adopted and identifying gaps in current approaches. Along with a comprehensive review of existing researches on flood vulnerability
assessment, this paper will also use learnings from an on-going research project on flood vulnerability assessment using system approach at the local level in Sakon
Nakhon Province, Thailand.


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