Legal Measures for the Promotion of Clean Energy Development

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Udomsak Sinthipong

Abstract

This research aims to study the legal measures to promote the development of clean energy by comparing the measurement of the United States of America, the European Union and Thailand. The results showed that the policy of the US law supports the development of clean energy systematically. It promotes the use of sustainable energy by reducing energy consumption; supports research, technology development, and industrial energy efficiency; enacts the national energy security act which aims at increasing the production of clean renewable fuels, raising the efficiency of products, buildings and vehicles, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions; and improves the performance of the government. Energy policy of the EU based on marketing instruments such as tax measure, subsidies, trading, volume of carbon dioxide emissions, the development of energy efficiency technologies, renewable energy or low carbon dioxide energy, and financial instruments. The EU incorporates measures all together and has the strategic energy technology plan in order to search for link between clean energy and technologies to extract such clean energy from the natural resources. In relation to Thailand, the law is enacted the management measures systematically. It focuses on energy management in buildings and factories; notwithstanding, it does not cover the energy used in transport policy. However, the law has set plans and projects in the area of energy conservation and alternative energy range by performing through the National Energy Policy Council. In recommendations from the research, it should prepare a strategic energy technology plan to link between power and technology and an environmentally friendly cities plan. Moreover, it should define legal measures to motivate the production of renewable energy such as the production tax credit by allowing the tax credit for alternative energy production, the investment tax credit, and the tax credit for residential renewable energy. Also, it should give fund to the development of renewable energy projects. Furthermore, it should be an incentive measure for using energy efficiently such as reducing a tax to buildings that are able to reduce power consumption up to the standards set.

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How to Cite
Sinthipong, Udomsak. “Legal Measures for the Promotion of Clean Energy Development”. Naresuan University Law Journal 8, no. 1 (May 1, 2015): 63-87. Accessed March 9, 2021. https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/lawnujournal/article/view/98732.
Section
Research Articles
Author Biography

Udomsak Sinthipong, Lecturer, Faculty of Law, Bangkok University(city campus)

อาจารย์ประจำคณะนิติศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยกรุงเทพ วิทยาเขตกล้วยน้ำไท ที่อยู่ 30 ซอยปุณณวิถี 15 ถนนสุขุมวิท แขวงบางจาก เขตพระโขนง กรุงเทพฯ 10260 โทรศัพท์ : 0-8913-2180-2, 0-2350-3500

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