Artificial Intelligence in EFL Classrooms: Friend or Foe?

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Dian Toar Y. G. Sumakul
Fuad Abdul Hamied
Didi Sukyadi


The disruptive impacts of Artificial Intelligence (AI) are currently affecting various aspects of society, including education. Despite some doubts and fears, many studies suggest that AI could offer advantages to education, and AI-based applications have been developed for teaching and learning, and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classrooms in particular. One way to understand whether AI could be harmful or beneficial to EFL teaching and learning is to see from the teachers’ perceptions. Hence, this study investigated how teachers perceive the use of AI in their EFL classrooms. The data was collected through interviews with four EFL teachers in a university in Indonesia who have had the experience of integrating AI in their teaching practices. The results show that all teachers had positive perceptions towards the use of AI in their classrooms. The teachers agreed that AI could help teachers teach and students learn. Moreover, the interview data also indicates that students' motivational levels and teachers' technological and pedagogical competence should be put into consideration when integrating AI into EFL classrooms.


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Author Biographies

Dian Toar Y. G. Sumakul, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia

A lecturer at Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana. He is currently completing his doctorate degree at Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI). His research interest is primarily on the use of digital technologies in language teaching and learning.

Fuad Abdul Hamied, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia

A professor at Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. He got his M.A. degree in TEFL (1980) from Southern Illinois University at Carbondale (SIUC), USA and his PhD in Education (1982) from the same university. His publication includes EMI in Indonesia; Research Methods: A Guide for First-time Researchers; English in Multicultural and Multilingual Indonesian Education.

Didi Sukyadi, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia

A professor at Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. He is the vice president of TEFLIN (The Association of Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Indonesia), the initiator the annual Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN), the founder of Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics (IJAL), and a reviewer in a number of reputable journals.


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