Investigating Individual Differences, School Locality, and Management on Indonesian Students’ Attitudes and Motivation in EFL Learning
Main Article Content
Researchers have studied different aspects of students’ attitudes and motivation in depth. Nonetheless, research into the link between students’ attitudes, motivation, characteristics and school setting will provide further insights. This study investigated the effects of students’ demographics on their attitudes and motivation to English language learning through the survey of 344 students. In addition, interviews were conducted to learn more about the students’ perspectives and successful strategies in light of these factors. Multiple correlations and linear regression were used to analyze the quantitative data, and thematic analysis was employed to interpret the qualitative information. The results showed that gender, age, learning experience, school locality, and management influence the way students feel about learning English (sig 0.05, R value = 0.335). Although, attitudes and motivation were not significantly related to students’ school environment or learning experiences, the results indicated that the students' acquired attributes were affected by their innate attributes and socio-environmental backgrounds. Therefore, providing meaningful learning experiences, authentic materials and exposure are key to improving student attitudes and motivation.
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