A Contrastive Genre-Based Study of English and Indonesian RAIs in the History Discipline

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Zifirdaus Adnan
Vegneskumar Maniam


Genre studies of Research Articles (RAs) have increased over the years. However, our review indicates that RA studies on RAs in the history discipline are still limited both to English and Indonesian languages. By identifying this gap, we are encouraged to analyze their rhetorical structures in the introduction section because this section plays an important role in publishing RAs in journals. For analyzing the rhetorical structure of both data sets, we employed the Create Research Spaces (CARS) model (Swales, 1990). The results showed that the rhetorical structures of English Research Article Introductions (RAIs) are similar to the CARS model, while the rhetorical structures of Indonesian RAIs in the present study do not conform to the model. This finding implies that Indonesian RAIs in the present study have different rhetorical structures from those found in English RAIs both in the present study and those in the CARS model. Besides, it implies that Indonesian authors in the History discipline meet challenges when they want to publish works in English journals.

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How to Cite
Warsidi, Adnan, Z., & Maniam, V. (2024). A Contrastive Genre-Based Study of English and Indonesian RAIs in the History Discipline. LEARN Journal: Language Education and Acquisition Research Network, 17(1), 467–488. Retrieved from https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/LEARN/article/view/270422
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Warsidi, English Literature Study Program, Universitas Islam Makassar

A senior lecturer at the English Literature Study Program of Universitas Islam Makassar, Indonesia. His PhD study focused on the genre of research articles. His research interests include genre analysis of research articles, academic writings, and designing English teaching materials and methods.

Zifirdaus Adnan, School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, University of New England

An Associate Professor, associated with the University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia. He has published many works in journals of English as an additional language in research publication and communication, The Asian EFL Journal Quarterly, Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, and Studies in English Language and Education. His research interests are genre analysis in research articles, critical discourse analysis, etc.

Vegneskumar Maniam, School of Education, University of New England

A senior lecturer at the University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia. He has published his works in the Postcolonial Direction in Education and Qualitative Sociology Review journals. His areas of research interest are Postcolonial Studies, Critical Discourse Analysis and Adult Education, and Multicultural Education.


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