Design and calculation of cold storage capacity of 10 tons for tuna commodity


  • Doni Syafar Pramudya Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indonesia University, Indonesia
  • Agus Sunjarianto Pamitran Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indonesia University, Indonesia
  • Ardiyansyah Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indonesia University, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Arif Budiyanto Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indonesia University, Indonesia



Fishery products, Cold storage, Cooling capacity, Estimation cost, Cooling load


The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Republic of Indonesia, urges economic stakeholders to maximize increasingly open export opportunities. With an abundance of fishery products in Indonesian waters, it must be supported by adequate facilities, one of which is the availability of cold storage, which maintains the quality of fishery products. In this study, the design of the cold storage was carried out by measuring the size of the cold storage and using the calculation of the cooling load, the calculation of cooling capacity, the calculation of the P-h diagram, and the cost estimate. The results of this study include cold storage design dimensions of 420 m3 with a long length and tall of 15×7×4 m3 made from insulation materials of polyurethane, stainless steel, and plaster. The cooling load data for the cold storage, when the product (tuna) is cooled and filled, is 3,707,444.3 kJ every 24 hours. A ton of refrigeration absorbs 12,660 kJ per 24 hours, equaling 16.3 tons of required refrigeration capacity. Meanwhile, under normal operating conditions, the total cooling load is 759,427.588 kJ per 24 hours. After calculating the cooling load, it was discovered that the initial design, which only had a capacity of 10 tons during the refrigeration process, could accommodate a cooling capacity of up to 16.3 tons. The cooling capacity of cold storage is 23.9 kW or 81.400 Btu/h. P-h diagram calculation of compressor cooling load is 0.7 kW, and the cooling load total from the evaporator to keep air room temperature of cold storage 0 °C is 0.43 kW. Estimated cost total for materials of cold storage design is USD 128,655.


  • Refrigerator facilities are still limited in reaching remote coastal areas
  • The cooling system must start using renewable energy
  • Cold storage is used to maintain the quality of fishery product so that they remains in good condition
  • From the calculation results, knowing the total cooling load when the cold storage is working, knowing the total cooling capacity of the cold storage when it is used as a fish storage refrigerator, and knowing the total estimated operational costs of the cold storage


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How to Cite

Syafar Pramudya, D., Pamitran, A. S. ., Ardiyansyah, A., & Budiyanto, M. A. . (2024). Design and calculation of cold storage capacity of 10 tons for tuna commodity. Maritime Technology and Research, 6(2), 268270.