Interrelations of The Sustainable Development Goals in terms of Alignments and Vonflicts between Each Pair of Goals

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Vesarach Aumeboonsuke


The purpose of this research was to investigate the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by analyzing the interrelations and the possible conflicts among each pair of goals. Since there are 17 Sustainable development Goals (SDG1 - SDG17) in different aspects such as economics, subjective well-being, environmental concern, some pairs of goals might be complementing while some goals might be achieved at the expense of other goals. The results that were obtained based on the data during the COVID 19 pandemic (2020-2021). Data of all goals during the year 2020-2021 from countries in European region were collected from the Sustainable Development database. The nonparametric Spearman's rank correlation (ρ) analysis was employed to examine the monotonic associations between all possible combinations of the unique goal data pairs. The evidence from this study was beneficial for policy makers to form optimal strategies aimed to achieve the overall SDGs or to be aware of any possible conflicts among goals and develop some mechanisms to reconcile these existing conflicts. In addition, it also revealed the dynamic of interrelations and conflicts among SDGs during the crisis interval compared to the long-term span.  

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