The Development of Peer Group Counseling Model for Enhancing Peer Counseling Competencies of Psychology Students of the Universities in Chiangmai Province
PURPOSE: This research aimed to develop peer group counseling model for enhancing peer counseling competencies of psychology students of the universities in Chaiangmai Province. METHOD:The population of peer counseling competencies study comprised 161 psychology students of the faculty of humanity, Chiangmai University, the faculty of humanity and social science, Payap University, and the faculty of education, Rajabhat University. The sample groups of the enhancement of peer counseling were 20 psychology students, randomly assigned into two groups as an experimental group and a control group. Each group consisted of 10 students. RESULT: 1) The total mean score of peer counseling competencies of 161 psychology students was high. 2) The peer group counseling model was developed from concepts and techniques of person-centered group counseling theory, cognitive behavioral group counseling theory, behavioral group counseling theory and reality group counseling theory. 3) The developed peer group counseling model was effective in significantly enhancing the peer counseling competencies of the students attended the model at .01 level. 4) The focus group report of the experimental group who attended the peer group counseling model showed that they were satisfied with the peer group counseling model. They had positive changes in counseling, they understood in counseling methodologies, and they felt proud of being peer counselors. They also felt that their personalities and counseling skills were improved and gained more abilities in counseling. CONCLUSION: The Peer group counseling model has a potealial for application for enhancing peer counseling competencies for psychology students in universities.
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