Development of the 12 National Democratic Core Values Scale in Thai Youths

  • Boonchird Pinyoanuntapong
  • Asanee Tongsilp
  • Pavana Mentara
  • Piyawan Boonpen
  • Revadee Aunnunnub
Keywords: tool development, 12 values, Factor Analysis


The research aims to develop the 12 National Core Values scale of the younger generation, namely Thai youth, in order to find norms to compare the average value scores of various schools. In addition, the research which is categorized as Research and Development (R&D) also aims to create a manual for comparisons. Sample groups are high school students of the 2015-2016 academic year; schools in the Bangkok metropolitan area are divided into state-run schools or universities and private schools. The sample size had 1,324 students to use  the Multi-Stage system method. The Development of the 12 National Core Values Scale used the  civil democracy idea. The results are as follows:

  1. The instrument includes situational parts 58 factors, 28 major behavior patterns. With regards to the answers on affective domain by Krathwohl (1964), comprise of level of understanding, response level, value creation level, habit level and the level of helping society. Results indicating showed validity evidence as follows. Index IOC is 0.76 – 0.96, CITC is appropriate. Each question has level of significance at 0.01. Cronbach Alpha coefficient equaled to 0.92. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) showed that the MSA based on the KMO method had a value equaled to 0.83 which is acceptable. And the Bartlett’s Test of sphericity indicated a significant level at 0.01. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) showed that the Models have suitable with the empirical data.
  2. The Mean of value found that; the students in all classes have values of all aspects in receiving level, but grade 7 students, have 2nd value that is sincere, selfless and brave and 7th value that is democratical knowledge. These are in responding level. Grade 12 students have the  2nd values which in responding level. Each of values 1st-12nd normalized T-score are between T26–T81 and the total value is  between T21 – T76
  3. Evaluation of the using test manual from high school teachers found that; Overview, They have high satisfaction level.  In each case, the quality measurement phase is the highest level. Subordinate levels are the Structural phase and measurement method phase.


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Author Biography

Asanee Tongsilp



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