The Movements of Civil Society in The Thailand’s Southern Border Provinces on Natural Resource and Environmental Issues during The 1990'S to Before The New Wave of Unrest in 2004

Main Article Content

Sampan Waree

Abstract

The movements of civil society in the southern border provinces on natural resource and environmental issues during the 1990s to before the new wave of unrest in 2004 in the case of the Pattani bay movements, the Saiburi river basin movements, and the Budo mountain movements are formatted as a social network that supports each other and adheres to nonviolent action, which is a strategy based on conventional political participation, disruptive/direct action, and self-development/constructive program meanwhile they look like an extension of the bureaucracy. Moreover, the activities of NGO and academics in the southern border since the 1980s, which are the co-building and reinforcing each other, are an important part of creating a learning process and passing on concepts that affect the movements of civil society in the Southern border provinces on natural resources and environmental issues. And these movements are one of the main roots that led to the civil society movement in the Southern Border Provinces after a new wave of unrest in 2004.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Waree ส. (2022). The Movements of Civil Society in The Thailand’s Southern Border Provinces on Natural Resource and Environmental Issues during The 1990’S to Before The New Wave of Unrest in 2004. Journal of Social Sciences Naresuan University, 18(1), 87–116. https://doi.org/10.14456/jssnu.2022.3
Section
Review Paper

References

Bhantuwong, C. (2016). Memories and forgetting about the change of landscape in the context of "unrest" in the southern border. In 2nd national academic conference, Historical anthropology and sociology southern network (pp. 1-17). Pattani: Historical Anthropology and Sociology Southern Network. [in Thai].

Boonmee, T. (2004). Civil society. Bangkok: Saithan. [in Thai].

Chantawiset, N. (2008). Local community strategy in the southern unrest situation. In P. Pinprathip (Ed.), Strong communities and civil society: 20 years, local development foundation (pp. 160-164). Bangkok: Local development foundation. [in Thai].

Charoensin-o-larn, C. (2002). New social movements (2nd ed.). Bangkok: Vibhasa. [in Thai].

Chiangthong, C. (2000). The evolution of civil society in Thailand (Research report). Bangkok: Thailand Development Research Institute. [in Thai].

Dumalee, H. (2012). New social movement in managing coastal wetland resources: A case study of Pattani bay conservation network (master’s thesis). Chiangmai: Chiangmai university. [in Thai].

Dumalee, H. (2015). Conflict and conflict management: A case study of cockle farming in Pattani bay. Walailak Abode of Culture Journal, 15(2), 29-44. [in Thai].

Haucharoen, S. (2017). Social relationship network construction of Pattani bay conservative group (master’s thesis). Pattani: Prince of Songkla university. [in Thai].

Jitpiromsri, S. (2006, 30 March). The phoenix under the strong sunlight: Civil society movement in the southern border provinces. Retrieved December 15, 2018, from https://deepsouthwatch.org/th/node/229 [in Thai].

Journal Editors. (2010). Doo-Song: The coexistence of people and forests. Greenglobe Journal, 5(8), 6. [in Thai].

Khaosod. (2000a, June 15). Invade the city hall, fishermen call for a contract. Khaosod, p. 1, 13. [in Thai].

Khaosod. (2000b, June 16). Academics set out to support southern fishery. Khaosod, p. 1, 13. [in Thai].

Kitthawon, P., Jitpiromsri, S., Piriyatanalai, S., Danrujikul, J., Chemudor, S., Mahsaning, M., …Iampalat, W. (2000). Roles of local fishing communities in coastal resource management and law enforcement in the bay of Pattani area case study: Ban Tanyong

Pao, Village No. 4, Tha Kam Cham Subdistrict, Nong Chik District, Pattani Province. Bangkok: Thailand research fund. [in Thai].

Klampaiboon, S. (2000). Intellectuals and democracy. In N. Phetprasoet (Ed.), Political economics (for community) get up fight (pp. 195 -214). Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University, Political Economics Studies Center. [in Thai].

Krithep, W. (2009). 1st Friday discussion-Dam: Pattani how are you?. Retrieved September 25, 2018, from https://deepsouthwatch.org/th/node/511 [in Thai].

Manager Daily. (2000a, June 15). Pattani fishermen invade in front of city hall and call for the government contract to cancel the push nest boat. Manager Daily, p. 10. [in Thai].

Manager Daily. (2000b, June 17). The environmentalist accelerates the permanent secretary of agriculture to seek compensation for the cancellation of the push nest boat. Manager Daily, p. 10. [in Thai].

Manager Daily. (2000c, June 22). Senate visits Pattani to find information to stop the push nest boat. Manager Daily, p. 10. [in Thai].

Manakan, L. (2005). Nukul Rattanadakul, The creator of the reconciliation of the land of the ax handle. Retrieved December 11, 2018, from https://pttweb10.pttplc.com/greenglobeinstitutewebsite/Frontend/Content.aspx?ContentID=11143c91-5e83-4cda-a0eb-6020db19632d [in Thai].

Martin, B. (2006). Paths to social change: Conventional politics, violence and nonviolence. Retrieved May 15, 2018, from https://www.uow.edu.au/~bmartin/pubs/06eolss.html

Matichon. (2000a, June 24). Fisheries agree to open the bay-no progress negotiations, continue to close. Matichon, p. 19. [in Thai].

Matichon. (2000b, June 25). The push nest fishermen in Pattani are in debt. Matichon, p. 5. [in Thai].

Matichon. (2004a, June 14). Test Jiw’s willingness, Approved budget of 7.5 billion to develop the southern region. Matichon, p. 11. [in Thai].

Matichon. (2004b, August 28). Allot a central budget of 4 billion to develop the southern border. Matichon, p.14. [in Thai].

Mokkaraphirom, P., Rattanadakul, N., Kantanad, W., Rittiboon, K., Fungchonlajit, S., Sittimongkol, S., …Buathip, S. (2009). Research project: Developing people's participation in Saiburi river basin management. Bangkok: Thailand Research Fund. [in Thai].

Nartsupha, C., & Loetwicha P. (1994). Thai village culture. Bangkok: Creation. [in Thai].

Nasae. (Ed.). (2002). The federation of southern fisherfolk: Grassroots organizations and policy brief for the conservation and restoration of coastal resources. Bangkok: Fuengfah printing. [in Thai].

News editor. (2008, May 12). "Saiburi dam": Revive a big project to challenge the southern unrest. Retrieved November 25, 2018, from https://prachatai.com/journal/2008/05/16677 [in Thai].

Nittayaramphong, S., & Mulada, S. (2001). From the grassroots to the horizon: Past, present and future of Thai NGOs. Bangkok: Kobfai Publishing Project. [in Thai].

Pathan, M., Jitpiromsri, K., Panjor, R., & Kajadman, F. (2012). Civil society and the peace process: A research report exploring the status of civil society organizations in the southern border. Retrieved September 2, 2016, from http://www.deepsouthwatch.org/sites/default/files/dsw_research_-_csos_peace_process.pdf [in Thai].

Phra Phaisan Wisalo. (2007). Making peace with our hands: A peace guidebook for non-violent operators (2nd ed.). Nakhonpathom: Mahidol university, Research center for peace building. [in Thai].

Pinprathip, P. (2013). A new wave of unrest in the south. In K. Supphawatworakhun & M. Khrueaphongsak (Eds.), Community on fire: Learn about civil society, "calling for peace" series (pp. 1-9). Nontaburi: Local development institution, Reform Thailand institution. [in Thai].

Pintobtang, P. (2009). Concept of political analysis in social movement theory. Chiangmai: Heinrich Boell foundation, Southeast Asia regional office. [in Thai].

Piriyathanalai, S. (2006). Community power amid globalization, 4th speech Dr.Uthai Adulkasem. Bangkok: J.N.T. Limited Partnership. [in Thai].

Puzu, W, (2009). Saiburi dam...the battle is not over yet. Retrieved September 25, 2018, from http://www.isranews.org/cms/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=4839&Itemid=86 [in Thai].

Sawasdee, S. N. (2014). Glossary of concepts and terms in modern democracy. Bangkok: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Thailand. [in Thai].

Siamrath. (2003, June 14). Opened a development plan worth 7 billion baht in the mission to restore the 3 southern border provinces. Siamrath. Retrieved from https://www.iqnewscenter.com/#/view/srd/2004-44613cd0f0e3a44205fdaf916ec585e4 [in Thai].

Suetair, A. (2013). Role of civil society and the future of Islamic civil society in solving the southern border provinces. Journal of Asian Review, 34(2), 93-137. [in Thai].

Sugunnasil, W. (2001). Economic, social and cultural conditions of fishing communities around the bay of Pattani: Problem change and adaptation. Pattani: Prince of Songkla university Pattani campus, Humanities and social sciences research center. [in Thai].

Supphawatworakhun, S. (2013). When the people rise up to define themselves. In K. Supphawatworakhun & M. Khrueaphongsak (Eds.), Community on fire: Learn about civil society, "calling for peace" series (pp. 92-99). Nontaburi: Local development institution, Reform Thailand institution. [in Thai].

Thaipost. (2000, June 16). Local fisheries invade to abolish the push nest boat. Thaipost, p. 12. [in Thai].

Thapchumphon, N. (2000). Grass roots democracy. In N. Phetprasoet (Ed.), Political economics (for community) get up fight (pp. 83-104). Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University, Political Economics Studies Center. [in Thai].

Thawonnukitkun, C. (2008). Civil society in the southern border provinces in the context of violence. In The 9th national conference on political science and public administration (pp. 1522-1537). Bangkok: Chulalongkorn university. [in Thai].

The Budo Mountains Land Solution Network. (2018). The 2nd ‘Orang kampung’ seminar document on land resources problems in the southern border: Political parties and their roles in solving problems [Pamphlet]. N.P.: n.p. [in Thai].

Ungsuchaval, T. (2016). On 'Civil Society': Theoretical/conceptual reviews and a consideration on operational definition of Thai civil society and nongovernmental organization. Journal of Graduate Volunteer Centre, 13(1), 1-61. [in Thai].