International Data Transfer

Main Article Content

Nutchapong Samran

Abstract

This research aims to find the proper legal measures for personal data protection in Thailand, especially in case of data transfer outside territory. By doing so, this paper studies the practice of data transferring in several legal frameworks. Some are International legal frameworks which are usually called soft Law, which are The OECD Privacy Framework and The APEC Privacy Framework. On the other hand, the examples of hard law are The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), The EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework and Singapore Personal Data Protection Act. In addition, the comparison of data transfer measures under several legal frameworks will be provided in order to find some recommendations for Thailand, where The Personal Data Protection Act is not available. Then, this study will introduce an updated, proper and standardized legal tool to protect personal data of Thais while data transfer is happening in the society.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Samran, Nutchapong. “International Data Transfer”. Naresuan University Law Journal 11, no. 1 (June 16, 2018): 155-175. Accessed March 9, 2021. https://so04.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/lawnujournal/article/view/111657.
Section
Research Articles

References

APEC. APEC Privacy Framework (2015). Singapore: APEC Secretarial, 2017. Accessed November 2, 2017. https://www.apec.org/Publications/2017/ 08/APEC-Privacy-Framework-(2015).

Electronic Transactions Development Agency (Public Organization). Thailand Computer Emergency Response Team. “Cyber Security Statistics.” Last modified n.d. Accessed November 1, 2017. https://www.thaicert.or.th/statistics/statistics2017.html. [In Thai]

Electronic Transactions Development Agency (Public Organization). “Digital Economy.” Last modified n.d. Accessed November 1, 2017. https://www.etda.or.th/ digital-economy.html. [In Thai]

Electronic Transactions Development Agency (Public Organization). “Right to privacy.” Last modified n.d. Accessed November 1, 2017. https://www.etda.or.th/ terminology-detail/1208.html. [In Thai]

European Commission. “European Commission launches EU-U.S. Privacy Shield: stronger protection for transatlantic data flows.” Last modified July 12, 2016. Accessed November 2, 2017. https://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_ IP-16-2461_en.htm.

Joint Committee on Human Rights. Data Protection and Human Rights. United Kingdom: The Stationery OYce Limited, 2008.

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Thailand. "Universal Declaration of Human Rights." Bangkok: Minister of Foreign Affairs of Thailand, 2008. Last modified n.d. Accessed November 2, 2017. https://humanrights.mfa.go.th/upload/pdf/ udhr-th-en.pdf. [In Thai]

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Department of International Organizations. Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Bangkok: Department of International Organizations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2008. [In Thai]

OECD. The OECD Privacy Framework. n.p.: OECD Publishing, 2013. Accessed November 2, 2017. https://www.oecd.org/internet/ieconomy/oecd_privacy_ framework.pdf.

Power, Leonie. “Getting to Know the GDPR, Part 9 – Data transfer restrictions are here to stay, but so are BCR.” Last modified February 24, 2016. Accessed November 2, 2017. https://privacylawblog.fieldfisher.com/2016/getting-to-know-the-gdpr-part-9-data-transfer-restrictions-are-here-to-stay-but-so-are-bcr/.

Saranya Jansawang. “Retailing to Digital Revolution Connected to World Trade.” Bangkokbiznews, October 17, 2017. Accessed November 1, 2017. https://www.bangkokbiznews.com/news/detail/777249. [In Thai]

Thaieurope.net team. “New Rule for International Personal Data Transfer, Affecting the Global Supply Chain.” Bangkokbiznews. Last modified March 21, 2016. Accessed November 1, 2017. https://www.bangkokbiznews.com/blog/ detail/637251. [In Thai]

The Organization of American State. “Data Protection.” Last modified n.d. Acessed April 27, 2018. https://www.oas.org/dil/data_protection_privacy_habeas_ data.htm.

Trunomi. “GDPR Portal: Site Overview.” Last modified n.d. Accessed November 2, 2017. https://www.eugdpr.org/.

U.S. Department of Commerce. “Privacy Shield Framework: Accountability for onward transfer.” Last modified n.d. Accessed November 2, 2017. https://www. privacyshield.gov/article?id=3-ACCOUNTABILITY-FOR-ONWARD-TRANSFER.

U.S. Department of Commerce. “Privacy Shield Framework: Overview.” Last modified n.d. Accessed November 2, 2017. https://www.privacyshield.gov/article?id= OVERVIEW.

UNCTAD, United Nations. Data Protection Regulations and International Data Flows: Implications for Trade and Development. Switzerland: United Nation Publication, 2016. Accessed November 1, 2017. https://unctad.org/en/ PublicationsLibrary/dtlstict2016d1_en.pdf.