• Thatchanan Issaradet Faculty of Social Sciences, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Thailand
  • Paiwan Purimart Faculty of Social Sciences, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Nakhon Ratchasima Campus, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
  • Punyada Chongla-iad Faculty of Social Sciences, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Nakhon Si Thammarat Campus, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand
  • Wilaiwan Isaradath Office of the President, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Thailand
  • Thippawan Chantra Faculty of Social Sciences, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Nakhon Si Thammarat Campus, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand


Community Development, Model Community, Brahmavihāra Dhamma, Aged Society


Background and Objectives: Currently, Thailand is becoming to be an aged society. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare for the care of the senior citizens in order to create a society for the senior citizens that promotes a good quality of life and proper care, including care from family, community, and the participation of all sectors from having a network for exchanging ideas of healthcare with the principles of Brahmavihāra Dhamma. It requires a model community that is suitable for the aged society. Therefore, developing a model community based on the principles of Brahmavihāra Dhamma that supports the aged society is according to the context and needs of senior citizens and the community. The objectives of this research consist of studying the development of a model community to support the aged society through community participation mechanisms and the integration of the principles of Brahmavihāra Dhamma to support the aged society.

Methodology: It is qualitative research. Key informants, a total of 16 persons, were purposively selected. The research tools included structured in-depth interviews. Data were collected from relevant documents and in-depth interviews.

Main Results: The following results were found: 1) The development of an age-friendly community through community participation mechanisms included providing knowledge about the health of the senior citizens, such as providing information on food choices, reducing sugary, salty foods, or foods that might have led to complications after illness, and providing basic knowledge on appropriate food selection and basic health care for senior citizens. It also involved organizing comprehensive activities for the care of senior citizens, such as surveying senior citizens at risk of diabetes and high blood pressure, to developing a network to promote health care for the senior citizens, and supporting the active participation of senior citizens in self-care for their health; and    2) The principles of Brahmavihāra Dhamma in supporting the aged society through community participation mechanisms was to use Buddhist principles to help maintain emotional connection with senior citizens consisted of: In terms of Mettā, it fostered mutual respect and good intentions; in terms of Karuṇā, it was important to help senior citizens feel valued and significant; in terms of Muditā, it provided opportunities for interaction, exchanged ideas, and promoted relaxation, which could have helped reduce social isolation and enhanced the sense of pride and self-confidence in senior citizens; and in terms of Upekkhā, it consisted of trust, which was a central factor in promoting the understanding and awareness of one's own feelings, self-control, relaxation, and acceptance of the realities of life.

Involvement to Buddhadhamma: Integrating the principles of Brahmavihāra Dhamma for supporting the aged society is closely related to the Brahmavihāra Dhamma or the Four Brahmavihāras, consisting of Mettā, Karuṇā, Muditā, Upekkhā which are fundamental principles in Buddhism. These teachings guide individuals to behave in a virtuous manner, enabling them to live together happily in their daily lives, especially for the well-being of the senior citizens. Moreover, these principles can also be applied by leaders to create happiness for others.

Conclusions: Taking care of the senior citizens was currently considered important due to the increasing proportion of senior citizens in Thai society. This led to health issues, mental health problems, and the occurrence of various chronic diseases when the senior citizens did not have work, which might have resulted in symptoms of depression. However, promoting the involvement of families and communities in taking care of the senior citizens would have helped reduce the burden of care from the government.


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How to Cite

Issaradet, T., Purimart, P., Chongla-iad, P., Isaradath, W., & Chantra, T. (2024). DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL COMMUNITIES BASED ON THE PRINCIPLES OF BRAHMAVIHĀRA DHAMMA TO SUPPORT THE AGED SOCIETY. Journal of Buddhist Anthropology, 9(1), 75–86. Retrieved from



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