The role of Chittagong Port to support MSR in providing maritime transport facilities through intermodal freight transportation system in Asia

  • Razon Chandra Saha Center for Higher Studies and Research, Bangladesh University of Professionals, Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh
Keywords: Hinterland potentiality, Port regionalization, Maritime Silk Road, Intermodal transportation system, Maritime transport

Abstract

Among the seaports in the Bay of Bengal, Chittagong Port is in a lucrative position to cover the maximum spatial transportation in Asia. The China-proposed Maritime Silk Road (MSR), under the banner of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), has probably overlooked Chittagong Port as a maritime load centre in the South Asian region due to geopolitical issues. The recent performance of Chittagong Port in terms of container throughput and consideration of the hinterland potentiality by the MSR means that Chittagong Port is visualized attractively as a load centre or connector in the region. An intermodal freight transportation system brought a new dimension to the port regionalization. In particular, Chittagong Port’s geographical position and performance are 2 important indicators in serving the intermodal system to the region in timely and economical fashion. The main objective of port development in Bangladesh is to act as a maritime load centre of the MSR and to offer port services, not only to Bangladesh, but also to provide maritime transport facilities, as well as seaport access, to the landlocked countries of Nepal and Bhutan, the naturally landlocked part of India, the southwest part of China, and the neighboring country of Myanmar for regional development. In addition to the literature review, this research uses a qualitative research method with the combination of primary and secondary data collected from the field. Moreover, one network model is designed considering how Chittagong Port will provide hinterland services to the region and implement the dictums of the MSR and the BRI. Overall, this paper aims to investigate the potentiality of Chittagong Port to serve as a regional maritime load centre of the MSR to develop an integrated intermodal freight transportation system in Asia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anwar, S. (2016). List of major ports on East Coast of India. Retrieved from https://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/list-of-major-ports-on-east-coast-of-india-1482755412-1

Bhatta, C. D. (2019). Emerging powers, soft power, and future of regional cooperation in South Asia. Asian Journal of Political Science, 27(1), 1-16. doi:10.1080/02185377.2018.1557062

Bhattacharya, A., Kumar, S. A., Tiwari, M. K., & Talluri, S. (2014). An intermodal freight transport system for optimal supply chain logistics. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 38, 73-84. doi:10.1016/j.trc.2013.10.012

Borah, R. (2017). India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway: A promise to transform the region’s economic landscape. Retrieved from https://japan-forward.com/india-myanmar-thailand-trilateral-highway-a-promise-to-transform-the-regions-economic-landscape

Cahoon, S., Pateman, H., & Chen, S. L. (2013). Regional port authorities: Leading players in innovation networks. Journal of Transport Geography, 27, 66-75. doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.06.015

Chen, J., Fei, Y., Lee, P. T. W, & Tao, X. (2019). Overseas port investment policy for China’s central and local governments in the belt and road initiative. Journal of Contemporary China, 28(116), 196-215. doi:10.1080/10670564.2018.1511392

Chhetri, P., Gekara, V., Li, S., & Lee, J. Y. (2020). Changing global production network and its implication on Belt and Road Initiative. Journal of International Logistics and Trade, 18(1), 13-14. doi:10.24006/jilt.2020.18.1.013

Dwarakisha, G. S., & Salim, A. M. (2015). Review on the role of ports in the development of a nation. Aquatic Procedia, 4, 295-301. doi:10.1016/j.aqpro.2015.02.040

Fugazza, M., & Hoffmann, J. (2017). Liner shipping connectivity as determinant of trade. Journal of Shipping and Trade, 2(1), 1-18. doi:10.1186/s41072-017-0019-5

Gekara, V. O., & Nguyen, X. T. (2020). Challenges of implementing container terminal operating system: The case of the port of Mombasa from the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) perspective. Journal of International Logistics and Trade, 18(1), 49-60. doi:10.24006/jilt.2020.18.1.049

Google. (2020a). Seaports in the Bay of Bengal. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/maps/@15.4538263,84.8962593,5z

Google. (2020b). Map of South Asia and Southeast Asia. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/maps/@27.6787402,86.3586959,6z

Hamilton, S. (2015). 3 reasons why intermodal transportation is an attractive alternative to Long-Haul trucking. Retrieved from https://logisticsviewpoints.com/2015/07/07/3-reasons-why-intermodal-transportation-is-an-attractive-alternative-to-long-haul-trucking

Huo, W. W., Zhang, W., & Chen, P. S. L. (2018). Recent development of Chinese port cooperation strategies. Research in Transportation Business & Management, 26, 67-75. doi:10.1016/j.rtbm.2018.01.002

Islam, M. (2016). Regional connectivity: Current challenges for Bangladesh. In Proceedings of the Seminar of Bangladesh Economic Society-Chittagong Chapter, 2016.

Jeevan, J., Bandara, Y. M., Salleh, N. H. M., Ngah, A., & Hanafiah, R. (2019). A procedure for implementing exploratory mixed methods research into dry port management. Transactions on Maritime Science, 8(2), 157-170. doi:10.7225/toms.v08.n02.001

Kanrak, M., Nguyen, H. O., & Du, Y. (2019). Maritime transport network analysis: A critical review of analytical methods and applications. Journal of International Logistics and Trade, 17(4), 113-122. doi:10.24006/jilt.2019.17.4.003

Kavirathna, C. A., Kawasaki, T., & Hanaoka, S. (2019). Intra-port coopetition under different combinations of terminal ownership. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 128, 132-148. doi:10.1016/j.tre.2019.06.001

Kavirathna, C. A., Kawasaki, T., Hanaoka, S., & Matsuda, T. (2018). Transhipment hub port selection criteria by shipping lines: The case of hub ports around the Bay of Bengal. Journal of Shipping and Trade, 3(4), 1-25. doi:10.1186/s41072-018-0030-5

Lam, J. S. L., Cullinane, K., & Lee, P. T. W. (2018). The 21st century Maritime Silk Road: Challenges and opportunities for transport management and practice. Transport Reviews, 38(4), 413-415. doi:10.1080/01441647.2018.1453562

Lee, P. T. W. (2018). Connecting Korea to Europe in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative. KMI International Journal of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, 10(2), 043-054.

Lee, P. T. W., Hu, Z. H., Lee, S. J., Choi, K. S., & Shin, S. H. (2018). Research trends and agenda on the Belt and Road (B&R) initiative with a focus on maritime transport. Maritime Policy & Management, 45(3), 282-300. doi:10.1080/03088839.2017.1400189

Lloyd’s List. (2020). Chittagong-Bangladesh. Retrieved from https://lloydslist.maritimeintelligence.informa.com/LL1128249/64-Chittagong-Bangladesh

Mueller, M. A., Wiegmans, B., & Van Duin, J. H. R. (2020). The geography of container port choice: modelling the impact of hinterland changes on port choice. Maritime Economics & Logistics, 22, 26-52. doi:10.1057/s41278-019-00142-6

Neuman, W. L. (2011). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Essex, UK: Pearson Education.

Notteboom, T. E. (2008). The relationship between Sea Ports and Intermodal Hinterland in Light of Global Supply Chains: European challenges. Discussion Paper 2008-10, University of Antwerp, Belgium.

Notteboom, T. E., & Rodrigue, J. P. (2005). Port regionalization: Towards a new phase in port development. Maritime Policy & Management, 32(3), 297-313. doi:10.1080/03088830500139885

Notteboom, T. E., & Rodrigue, J. P. (2009). The future of containerization: Perspectives from maritime and inland freight distribution. Geo Journal, 74(1), 7-22. doi:10.1007/s10708-008-9211-3

Regmi, M. B. (2015). International freight transport, logistics systems and transport facilitation. In Proceedings of the National Stakeholders Consultation and Capacity Building Workshop on Sustainable and Inclusive Transport. Thimphu, Bhutan.

Rodrigue, J. P. (2006). Intermodal transportation and integrated transport systems: Spaces, networks and flows. In Proceedings of the Flowpolis: The Form of Nodal Space Conference, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

Ruan, X., Bandara, Y. M., Lee, J. Y., Lee, P. T. W., & Chhetri, P. (2019). Impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative in the Indian subcontinent under future port development scenarios. Maritime Policy & Management, 46(8), 905-919. doi:10.1080/03088839.2019.1594425

Saha, R. C. (2015). Port development in Bangladesh. European Journal of Business and Management, 7(7), 392-399.

Saka, M., & Cetin, O. (2019). Research of a dry port which can support container transportation from Kocaeli Ports in terms of possibilities and capabilities. International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Research, 1(1), 35-48.

Shibasaki, R., Tanabe, S., Kato, H., & Lee, P. T. W. (2019). Could Gwadar Port in Pakistan be a new gateway? A network simulation approach in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative context. Sustainability, 11(20), 5757. doi:10.3390/su11205757

UNCTADstat. (2019). Liner shipping connectivity index, annual Table summary. Retrieved from https://unctadstat.unctad.org/wds/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=92

Wang, P., & Chen, J. (2019). Innovative waterway-waterway transfer service models and experience for container logistics in China (Shanghai) pilot free trade zone: A case study of Taicang express line. Journal of International Logistics and Trade, 17(4), 103-112. doi:10.24006/jilt.2019.17.4.103

Wang, T., Kang, J. W., & Valentine, V. F. (2020). A holistic analysis of national e-commerce and logistics development. Maritime Economics & Logistics, 22, 500-513. doi:10.1057/s41278-020-00151-w

Wei, H., Sheng, Z., & Lee, P. T. W. (2018). The role of dry port in hub-and-spoke network under Belt and Road Initiative. Maritime Policy & Management, 45(3), 370-387. doi:10.1080/03088839.2017.1396505

Worldportsource. (2020). Port of Haldia. Retrieved from http://www.worldportsource.com/ports/ review/IND_Port_of_Haldia_3509.php

Xinhua Finance Agency. (2017). China proposes visions on maritime cooperation under OBOR. Retrieved from http://en.xfafinance.com/html/BR/Policy/2017/341967.shtml

Published
2020-09-13
How to Cite
Saha, R. C. (2020). The role of Chittagong Port to support MSR in providing maritime transport facilities through intermodal freight transportation system in Asia. Maritime Technology and Research, 3(1), 71-88. https://doi.org/10.33175/mtr.2021.245014