Bioaccumulation of zinc by Portunus pelagicus: Nuclear application techniques that use radiotracer 65Zn to study influence of concentration of Zn in seawater
Keywords:Bioaccumulation, Depuration, Zinc, Portunus pelagicus, Pollution
Zinc (Zn) is an essential trace metal, but also a potential toxicant to aquatic organisms. Zinc is one of the toxicants from various industrial and domestic activities whose waste is directly discharged into water. One of the marine organisms used as an indicator of pollution is the blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus). Bioaccumulation studies of Zn in Portunus pelagicus from Jakarta Bay were conducted in a radiotracer laboratory. Laboratory experiments were done to study the uptake and release of 65Zn radioisotope in Portunus pelagicus. The experiments conducted were biota collection, acclimatization, bioaccumulation, and elimination. This study was to determine the relationship between the amount of 65Zn released into the aquatic environment and its effect on Zn bioaccumulation ability and radiation dose received by Portunus pelagicus. Biokinetics parameters, such as concentration factors CF, uptake rate constant ku, elimination rate constant ke, and concentration factor steady state (CFss) were investigated. The results showed that an increase in concentration would decrease the rate of absorption and rate of elimination, and that the concentration factor CF values varied from 7.82 - 60.62 ml.g-1 in Portunus pelagicus. The concentration factor at steady-state Zn was 25.55-59.47 ml.g–1, which is influenced by the concentration after 6 days of exposure. The depuration rate was observed to be high, with a value of retention 34.33 - 78.88 % of 65Zn absorbed by Portunus pelagicus, which was absent 7 days after exposure.
- Laboratory experiments lasting 14 days showed that Portunus pelagicus has the ability to accumulate the heavy metal zinc (Zn) from the environment and release it back into the water
- The highest bioaccumulation kinetics of zinc (Zn) metal in Portunus pelagicus during the 7-day experiment occurred at a contaminant concentration of 0.5 ppm with an absorption constant (ku) value of 0.7838 d-1 and a release constant value (ke) of 0.0892 d-1
- Portunus pelagicus concentration factor (CF) has a moderate value and the smallest uptake constant (ku) and elimination constant (ke) value compared to other biota
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