Exploring Geographical Indication Registration under the TRIPs Agreement and the Role of Sustainable Development Principles in Geographical Indication Protection

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Pattaraporn Yenbuttra


The TRIPs Agreement does not specify how geographical indications are to be registered and protected in other countries, either. Clearly defined criteria are required to assess whether the TRIPs Agreement protects geographic indications in line with sustainable development. Achieving a balance between the economy, society, and the environment is required to protect geographical indications. These guidelines can help improve the international scope and criteria for protecting geographical indications under the TRIPs Agreement. There should be criteria or an interpretation in the TRIPs Agreement to protect geographical indications in their country of origin, and exceptions for homonymous terms where the term implies a different geographic origin should be made.

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