Challenges of Research University in Thailand in The Era of Education Discruption

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Chutimon Narawish
Pakkapol Lohakulwich


Higher education is undergoing a period of significant transformation. While older, more prestigious universities may be less impacted by these changes or experience their effects more slowly than other institutions, practically all universities are currently involved in attempts to adapt and change as the higher education market, finances, and technology advance. These adjustments, which may be challenging for big and complicated institutions with a strong sense of their history and reputation, might meet both internal and external pushback.  Although the Thailand university system is in many respects stable, strong, and relatively well-functioning, this article is one result of the nation's recognition that universities may lack the strategic and institutional adaptability that the future will need. Due to the widespread Covid19 pandemic, the rapid shift to digital teaching and remote learning, and the resulting economic and labor market disruption, along with the increasing uncertainty, complexity, and potential turmoil that societies were already experiencing prior to the pandemic, the importance of academic leadership and strategic renewal of education has been emphasized.  Several major reforms of Thailand's university system have been accomplished in recent decades. In the immediate postwar era, enormous expansions of universities were undertaken to meet the demands created by fast industrialization, expanding welfare state goals, and the Cold War in particular. They accomplished this via the modernization and reorganization of research financing, as well as increased mobility between universities and society organizations like as businesses, government agencies, and hospitals. Thailand 's neutrality throughout the Cold War and its entry into international markets were secured as a result of this.

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