Power of Giving and Receiving: A Case Study of Lakhorn Nork “Sang Thong” A Case Study Of Lakhorn Nork "Sang Thong"

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kanchana witchayaapakorn


     The purpose of this research was to analyze the power relation of giving and receiving in Lakhorn Nork “Sang Thong”in the Ayuthaya edition and King Rama II. The frameworks for the analysis were based on the theories of Max Weber, Michel Foucault, Karl Marx, and Antonio Gramsci. It was found that there were five aspects that determined the power relation of giving and receiving: 1. the power of the sacred in relation to giving and receiving: the hegemony of the belief and the sacred, 2. the power of love in relation to giving and receiving: the matriarchal power in patriarchal space, 3. the power of resources in relation to giving and receiving: the beneficence of benefits, 4. the power of the rightful authority in relation to giving and receiving: the hegemonic power, and 5. the power of merit in relation to giving and receiving: the good karma of Thai Buddhism in Buddhist heaven. Consequently, there were two types of giving and receiving. The first one was the condition of giving presupposed by the receiving; one could only give when was asked for. The other one was the condition of giving without any receiving. The power and giving and receiving revealed the hegemony in terms of class, social role, and gender norms. Both the giver and the receiver needed to receive some benefits. Therefore, the role of the giver and the receiver was always interchangeable based on the position of benefits. However, the power of merit, the absolute and rightful authority, and the sacred were in support of the hegemony that limited the spatialization of matriarchal power in the patriarchal space. Moreover, the power and giving and receiving were related, while the discourse of giving and receiving was only possible within this field of power. The existence of such field could only be realized through the empirical practice of giving and receiving.


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