Structural Equation Model for Service Quality Indicator from Thai Tourists in Pattaya


  • นพมณี ภารุ่งโรจน์รัตน์
  • ศุภฤกษ์ สุขสมาน
  • บดินทร์ รัศมีเทศ
  • สวัสดิ์ วรรณรัตน์


Service Quality, Hotel, Customer Intention to Revisit


This research paper explores service quality measurement for hotel in the customers' point of view. The purposes of this paper are to determine number and weight of the finding service quality indicators. Then to utilize the results in calculating the purposed service quality index. Moreover, a relationship between service quality scores obtained and probabilities of revisiting the hotel is tested. Hotels in Pattaya are the target samplings.

            From the Exploratory Factor Analysis-EFA, it is found that there are five components defining service quality. Component 1 is the basic and extra services. Exclusive services, convenience and safety, physical evidence, and contract performance are the component 2 to 5 respectively. Processing data gathered by a Structural Equation Model-SEM concludes that component 1, 2, and 3 can statistical significantly explain service quality scores. The score also can be proved to be a significant variable explaining probability of customer intention to revisit the hotel. This result robustness is confirmed by parameter estimation in Logistic Regression. Business policy recommendation for increasing customer satisfaction towards service quality, thus chance of revisiting the hotel can be summarized as followed. Main points of concerning are primary needs fulfillment, additional services offered, convenience and safety, and lastly creatively services and suitable customer welcoming. For a future research recommendation, studies of service quality in a context of different organizational cultures should be investigated. This is to complement findings from customers' point of view and to complete the study from both internal and external organizational contexts.   






บทความวิจัย (Research Article)